Toy Story is a CGI animated media franchise created by Pixar and distributed by Walt Disney Pictures, beginning with the original 1995 film, Toy Story. The franchise focuses on a group of toys that secretly come to life and end up unexpectedly embarking on life-changing adventures. The first two films of the franchise were directed by John Lasseter, and the third by Lee Unkrich, co-director of the second film (together with Lasseter and Ash Brannon).
All three films, produced on a total budget of US$320 million, have grossed more than $1.9 billion worldwide. Each film set box office records, with the third included in the top 10 all-time worldwide films. Critics have given all three films extremely positive reviews. Special Blu-ray and DVD editions of Toy Story and Toy Story 2 were released on March 23, 2010. They were also re-released in theaters as a Disney Digital 3-D "double feature" for at least two weeks in October 2009. The series is currently the 15th highest-grossing franchise worldwide, and is among the most critically acclaimed trilogies of all time. On November 1, 2011, all three Toy Story films were released in Disney Blu-ray 3D as a trilogy pack and as individual films.
The Toy Story series consists of three CGI animated films. The films are Toy Story (1995), Toy Story 2 (1999) and Toy Story 3 (2010). Toy Story, the first film in the series, was the first feature-length film to be made entirely using computer generated imagery. The films were produced by Pixar Animation Studios and distributed by Walt Disney Pictures.
All three films were critically acclaimed, with the first and second films getting a perfect 100% and the third a 99% rating on Rotten Tomatoes. The third film in the series became the highest-grossing animated film and the 9th highest-grossing film of all time. It also became the third animated film in history to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture, following Beauty and the Beast and Up.
Toy Story (1995)
- Main article: Toy Story
Toy Story, the first film in the franchise, was released on November 22, 1995. It was the first feature-length film created entirely by CGI and was directed by John Lasseter. The plot involves Andy getting a new Buzz Lightyear toy, and Woody thinking that he has been replaced as Andy's favorite toy. As a result of Woody's jealousy, he tries to knock Buzz behind a table, but accidentally knocks him out the window. Determined to set things right, Woody attempts to save Buzz, and both try to escape from the house of the next-door neighbor Sid Phillips, who likes to torture and destroy toys. The film was critically and financially successful, grossing over $361 million worldwide. The film was later re-released in Disney Digital 3-D as part of a double feature, along with Toy Story 2, for a 2-week run, which was later extended due to its financial success.
Toy Story 2 (1999)
- Main article: Toy Story 2
Toy Story 2, the second film in the franchise, was released on November 24, 1999. John Lasseter reprises his role as director. The plot involves Woody getting stolen by a greedy toy collector named Al. Buzz and several of Andy's toys go around the Tri-County Area to save him. Toy Story 2 was not originally intended for release in theaters, but as a direct-to-video sequel to the original Toy Story, with a 60 minute running time. However, Disney's executives saw how impressive the in-work imagery for the sequel was, and due to pressure from the main characters' voice actors Tom Hanks and Tim Allen, they decided to convert Toy Story 2 into a theatrical film. It turned out to be an even greater success than the original Toy Story, grossing over $485 million worldwide. The film was re-released in Disney Digital 3-D as part of a double feature, along with Toy Story, on October 2, 2009.
Toy Story 3 (2010)
- Main article: Toy Story 3
Toy Story 3, the third film in the franchise, was released eleven years later, on June 18, 2010. It is the first Toy Story film not to be directed by John Lasseter (although he remained involved in the film as executive producer), but by Lee Unkrich, who edited the first two films and co-directed the second. Set ten years after the events of the second film, the plot focuses on the toys accidentally being dropped off at a daycare center while their owner, Andy, is getting ready to go away to college. The film contains over 150 new characters, according to Pixar. It is currently Pixar's highest-grossing film of all-time worldwide, surpassing Finding Nemo. In August 2010, it surpassed Shrek 2, becoming the highest-grossing animated film of all time worldwide, only to then be surpassed by Frozen in 2013. It grossed more than the first and second films combined, making it the first animated film to have earned more than $1 billion at the box office.
Toy Story 4 (2019)
- Main article: Toy Story 4
Toy Story 4 was announced by Disney during an investor's call in Q4 2014, which confirmed that the film will be released seven years after Toy Story 3, with Lasseter returning to direct. The screenplay will be written by Rashida Jones and Will McCormack from a story by Lasseter, Andrew Stanton, Pete Docter and Lee Unkrich. Galyn Susman will produce. Toy Story 4 is slated for release on June 16, 2017. Lasseter has hinted that Toy Story 4 will be a love story. According to Lasseter, "Toy Story 3 ended Woody and Buzz’s story with Andy so perfectly that for a long time, we never even talked about doing another Toy Story movie. But when Andrew, Pete, Lee and I came up with this new idea, I just could not stop thinking about it. It was so exciting to me, I knew we had to make this movie—and I wanted to direct it myself."In March 2015, Pixar president Jim Morris stated that the film will not be a continuation of the third film but will instead be a stand-alone sequel. The same month, Variety revealed that Josh Cooley, the head of story on Pixar's Inside Out, had been named the co-director of Toy Story 4. Around the same time, Lasseter revealed that the fourth film had been such a closely held secret at Pixar that even Morris and Edwin Catmull (president of both Pixar and Disney Animation, to whom Morris reports) did not know it was being discussed until Stanton had already finished a polished treatment.
In addition to Toy Story Toons, Pixar is working on two 22-minute Toy Story television specials. The first, a Halloween themed special, titled Toy Story of Terror!, premiered on October 16, 2013, while the second titled Toy Story That Time Forgot, is planned for late 2014.
Toy Story of Terror!
- Main article: Toy Story of Terror!
A Halloween themed 22-minute television special, titled Toy Story of Terror!, premiered on October 16, 2013 on ABC. The special follows the toys on their road trip, when an unexpected event leads them to a roadside motel. After one of the toys goes missing, the others find themselves caught up in a mysterious sequence of events that must be solved before they all suffer the same fate.
Toy Story That Time Forgot
- Main article: Toy Story That Time Forgot
A Christmas-themed television special, titled Toy Story That Time Forgot, will air on ABC during the 2014 holidays. It will be directed by Steve Purcell, and produced by Galyn Susman. Most of the regular cast will reprise their roles, including Tom Hanks as Woody, Tim Allen as Buzz, Kristen Schaal as Trixie, Wallace Shawn as Rex, Timothy Dalton as Mr. Pricklepants, Don Rickles as Mr. Potato Head, and Joan Cusack as Jessie, with Kevin McKidd joining as a new character, Reptillus Maximus. Taking place after a Christmas, the toys find themselves lost when a set of the coolest action figures turns out to be dangerously delusional. It is up to Trixie to help the toys to return to Bonnie's room.
Toy Story Toons
In 2011, Pixar started releasing short animated films based on the Toy Story films, called Toy Story Toons. The shorts pick up where Toy Story 3 has left off, with Woody, Buzz, and Andy's other toys finding a new home at Bonnie's. So far, three shorts have been released; Hawaiian Vacation, Small Fry, and Partysaurus Rex. Two new shorts are in development; one will be released in Spring 2013.
- Main article: Hawaiian Vacation
Toy Story Toons: Hawaiian Vacation is a 2011 Pixar animated short directed by Gary Rydstrom. The short features characters from the Toy Story series and takes place after the events of Toy Story 3. It was released in theatres before Pixar's feature film Cars 2. In the short film, Ken and Barbie want to go to Hawaii, but get left behind, so Woody, Buzz and the other toys from the previous film console them by making a Hawaiian vacation in Bonnie's room.
- Main article: Small Fry
Toy Story Toons: Small Fry, another Toy Story short, premiered before The Muppets. This marks the second time a Pixar short has screened with a non-Pixar film, after Tokyo Mater screened with Bolt. Directed by Angus MacLane, the short involves Buzz getting trapped at a fast food restaurant at a support group for discarded toys, with a kids' meal toy version of Buzz taking his place.
- Main article: Partysaurus Rex
Toy Story Toons: Partysaurus Rex, the third of the series, was released with the theatrical 3D re-release of Finding Nemo. Directed by Mark Walsh with music composed by electronic artist BT, the short involves Rex getting left out in the bathroom and making friends with bath toys.
Box office performance
Toy Story's first five days of domestic release (on Thanksgiving weekend), earned the film $39,071,176. The film placed first in the weekend's box office with $29,140,617, and maintained its number one position at the domestic box office for the following two weekends. It was the highest-grossing domestic film in 1995, and the third highest-grossing animated film at the time.
Toy Story 2 opened at #1 over the Thanksgiving Day weekend, with a three-day tally of $57,388,839 from 3,236 theaters. It averaged $17,734 per theater over three days during that weekend, and stayed at #1 for the next two weekends. It was the third highest-grossing film of 1999.
Toy Story 3 had a strong debut, opening in 4,028 theaters and grossing $41,148,961 at the box office on its opening day. In addition, Toy Story 3 had the highest opening day gross for an animated film on record. During its opening weekend, the film grossed $110,307,189, making it #1 for the weekend; it was the biggest opening weekend ever for any Pixar film. Toy Story 3 stayed at the #1 spot for the next weekend. The film had the second highest opening ever for an animated film. It was the highest-grossing film of 2010, both domestically and worldwide. Toy Story 3 grossed over $1 billion, making it the seventh film in history, the second Disney film in 2010, the third Disney film overall, and the only animated film to do so.
Toy Story is the 15th highest-grossing franchise of all time, and the third highest-grossing animated franchise worldwide behind Shrek and Ice Age.
|United States||Foreign||Worldwide||All time domestic||All time worldwide|
|Toy Story 2||11/24/1999||$245,852,179||$239,163,000||$485,015,179||#75|
|Toy Story / Toy Story 2|
(Disney Digital 3-D)
|Toy Story 3||6/18/2010||$415,004,880||$648,167,031||$1,063,171,911||#12|
|Toy Story 4||6/21/2019||TBA|
According to Rotten Tomatoes, the Toy Story trilogy is the most critically acclaimed trilogy of all time. The first and second films received a 100% "fresh" rating, while the third holds a 99% "fresh" rating. According to the site, no other trilogy has had all of its films rated so highly - the Dollars trilogy and The Lord of the Rings film trilogy come close with average ratings of 95% and 94% respectively, while the Toy Story trilogy has an average of an almost perfect 99.7%.
According to Metacritic, the Toy Story trilogy is tied as the most critically acclaimed trilogy of all time, it and The Lord of the Rings film trilogy each having an average rounded score of 91 out of 100. As of July 20, 2010, every film in both trilogies is placed in the Top 100 of the site's Best Reviewed Movies List, but each Toy Story film is placed beneath a film in The Lord of the Rings trilogy.
|Toy Story||100% (76 reviews)||92 (16 reviews)|
|Toy Story 2||100% (161 reviews)||88 (34 reviews)|
|Toy Story 3||99% (255 reviews)||92 (39 reviews)|
|Toy Story 4||TBA|
Awards and nominations
Toy Story was nominated for three Academy Awards, including Best Original Screenplay, Best Original Score and Best Original Song for Randy Newman's "You've Got a Friend in Me". John Lasseter, the director of the film, also received a Special Achievement Award for "the development and inspired application of techniques that have made possible the first feature-length computer-animated film". Toy Story was also the first animated film to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay. At the 53rd Golden Globe Awards, Toy Story earned two Golden Globe nominations - Best Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy and Best Original Song. It was also nominated for Best Special Visual Effects at the 50th British Academy Film Awards.
Toy Story 2 won a Golden Globe for Best Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy and earned a single Academy Award nomination for the song "When She Loved Me " performed by Sarah McLachlan. The Academy Award for Best Animated Feature was introduced in 2001, after the first two Toy Story installments.
Toy Story 3 won two Academy Awards - Best Animated Feature and Best Original Song "We Belong Together". It earned three other nominations, including Best Picture, Best Adapted Screenplay, and Best Sound Editing. It was the third animated film in history to be nominated for Best Picture, after Beauty and the Beast and Up. Toy Story 3 also won the Golden Globe for Best Animated Feature Film and the award for Best Animated Film at the British Academy Film Awards.
Cast and characters
Film series and TV specials
- Note: A red cell indicates the character didn't appear in that medium.
|Character||Buzz Lightyear: Mission Logs||Toy Story Toons|
|Blast Off||International Space Station||The Science of Adventure||Hawaiian Vacation||Small Fry||Partysaurus Rex|
|Woody||Silent Cameo||Tom Hanks|
|Buzz Lightyear||Tim Allen||Tim Allen (English voice) and Javier Fernandez-Peña (Spanish voice)||Tim Allen|
|Aliens||Jeff Pidgeon||Silent Cameo|
|Slinky Dog||Blake Clark||Silent Cameo|
|Jessie||Joan Cusack||Silent Cameo|
|Bullseye||Character is mute|
|Mr. Potato Head||Don Rickles||Silent Cameo||Don Rickles|
|Mrs. Potato Head||Estelle Harris|
|Bonnie Anderson||Emily Hahn|
|Mrs. Anderson||Heard only||Lori Alan|
|Mr. Pricklepants||Timothy Dalton||Silent Cameo|
|Trixie||Kristen Schaal||Silent Cameo|
|Buttercup||Jeff Garlin||Silent Cameo|
|Dolly||Bonnie Hunt||Silent Cameo|
- Note: A red cell indicates the character wasn't in the short film.
Buzz Lightyear of Star Command (2000)
- Main article: Buzz Lightyear of Star Command
Buzz Lightyear of Star Command is a spin-off TV series. The series takes place in the far future, a pastiche of Star Trek and Star Wars-style science fiction. It features Buzz Lightyear (voiced by Patrick Warburton), a famous, experienced Space Ranger who takes a crew of rookies under his wing as he investigates criminal activity across the galaxy and attempts to bring down Evil Emperor Zurg once and for all. It aired on ABC from August 8, 2000 to January 13, 2001.
Buzz Lightyear of Star Command: The Adventure Begins (2000)
- Main article: Buzz Lightyear of Star Command: The Adventure Begins
Buzz Lightyear of Star Command: The Adventure Begins is a spin-off animated direct-to-video film, partially based on Toy Story. The film was released on August 8, 2000. It acts as a pilot to the television series Buzz Lightyear of Star Command. In this film, Buzz Lightyear is a space ranger who fights against the evil Emperor Zurg, showing the inspiration for the Buzz Lightyear toyline that exists in the Toy Story series. Tim Allen reprises his role as the voice of Buzz Lightyear. Although the film was criticized for not using the same animation as in Toy Story and Toy Story 2, it sold three million VHS and DVDs in its first week of release.
Buzz Lightyear: Mission Logs
In 2008, to promote the theatrical release of Toy Story 3, NASA sent a Buzz Lightyear into space. Pixar released short films on the 2010 Toy Story Blu-rays confirming it was actually Andy's Buzz Lightyear. Each short shows Buzz telling Rex and Hamm how he got home. Episodes 1 and 2 were released on the 2010 Blu-ray combo packs and DVDs of Toy Story and Toy Story 2. Episode 3 was released on Blu-ray and DVD of Toy Story 3.
- Toy Story (1996) (Sega Mega Drive, Super NES, PC, and Game Boy)
- Toy Story 2: Buzz Lightyear to the Rescue (1999) (Dreamcast, PlayStation, Nintendo 64, and PC)
- Buzz Lightyear of Star Command (2000) (Game Boy Color, PlayStation, and PC)
- Toy Story 2: Woody Sousaku Daisakusen! (N/A) (Sega Pico) - released only in Japan
- Toy Story Racer (2001) (PlayStation and Game Boy Color)
- Disney's Extreme Skate Adventure (2003) (Game Boy Advance, PlayStation 2, Xbox, Nintendo GameCube)
- Toy Story Mania! (2009/2012) (Wii, PC, Xbox 360, and PlayStation 3)
- Toy Story 3: The Video Game (2010) (PC, Wii, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, PlayStation 2, PlayStation Portable, and Nintendo DS)
- Shooting Beena: Toy Story 3: Woody to Buzz no Daibōken! (2010) (Advanced Pico Beena) - released only in Japan
- Kinect Rush: A Disney/Pixar Adventure (2012) (Xbox 360)
Pixar created original animations for the games, including fully animated sequences for PC titles.
Woody and Buzz Lightyear were originally going to appear as summons in the Final Mix version of the Disney/Square Enix video game Kingdom Hearts II. They were omitted from the final product, but their models appear in the game's coding, without textures. The director of the Kingdom Hearts series, Tetsuya Nomura, has stated that he would like to include Pixar properties in future Kingdom Hearts games, given Disney's purchase of Pixar. At the 2017 D23 Expo, the world of Toy Story was announced to be the first Pixar world to be in the upcoming Kingdom Hearts III.
Merchandising and software
Toy Story had a large promotion prior to its release, leading to numerous tie-ins with the film including images on food packaging. A variety of merchandise was released during the film's theatrical run and its initial VHS release including toys, clothing, and shoes, among other things. When action figures for Buzz Lightyear and Sheriff Woody were created, they were initially ignored by retailers. However, after over 250,000 figures were sold for each character prior to the film's release, demand continued to expand, eventually reaching over 25 million units sold by 2007. Also, Disney's Animated Storybook: Toy Story and Disney's Activity Center: Toy Story were released for Windows and Mac. Disney's Animated Storybook: Toy Story was the best selling software title of 1996, selling over 500,000 copies.
Theme park attractions
- Buzz Lightyear's Space Ranger Spin at the Magic Kingdom casts theme park guests as cadets in Buzz's Space Ranger Corps. Guests ride through various scenes featuring Emperor Zurg's henchmen, firing "laser canons" at their Z symbols and scoring points for each hit.
- Buzz Lightyear's Astro Blasters at Disneyland, is very similar to Space Ranger Spin, except that the laser canons are hand-held rather than mounted to the ride vehicle.
- Buzz Lightyear's Astroblasters at DisneyQuest in Walt Disney World, despite the nearly identical name to the Disneyland attraction, is a bumper car style attraction in which guests compete against each other not only by ramming their ride vehicles into each other, but also by firing "asteroids" (playground balls) at each other.
- Toy Story Midway Mania! at both Disney's Hollywood Studios in Walt Disney World and Disney California Adventure Park in Disneyland features a series of interactive carnival-type games hosted by the Toy Story characters. Guests ride in vehicles while wearing 3D glasses, and using a pull-string canon to launch virtual rings, darts, baseballs, etc. Disney announced an update to the attraction to add characters from Toy Story 3 several months before the film's release date.
- Toy Story Playland at Walt Disney Studios Park and Hong Kong Disneyland is a Pixar themed area designed to help promote Toy Story 3. It is designed to "shrink the guest" down to being the size of a toy, so he or she can play in Andy's Backyard with his toys from the films. It does this through using highly immersive theming, using bamboo to act as giant blades of grass surrounding the area, the use of many themed props and characters from the Toy Story films such as a giant Buzz Lightyear, a giant Rex, an oversized paper plane and a large ball from the first Pixar short, Luxo Jr. The area also features many photo opportunities.
- World of Color at Disney's California Adventure is a large, nighttime water and light show. Some of the scenes projected on the water screens feature animation from the first two Toy Story films.
After the first film, they have short clips called "Toy Story Treats". Usually, they are seen on ABC Family.
Toy Story's innovative computer animation had a large impact on the film industry. After the film's debut, various industries were interested in the technology used for the film. Graphics chip makers desired to compute imagery similar to the film's animation for personal computers; game developers wanted to learn how to replicate the animation for video games; and robotics researchers were interested in building artificial intelligence into their machines that compared to the lifelike characters in the film. Various authors have also compared the film to an interpretation of Don Quixote as well as humanism.
"To infinity and beyond!"
Buzz Lightyear's classic line "To infinity and beyond!" has seen usage not only on T-shirts, but among philosophers and mathematical theorists as well.Lucia Hall of The Humanist linked the film's plot to an interpretation of humanism. She compared the phrase to "All this and heaven, too!", indicating one who is happy with a life on Earth as well as having an afterlife. In 2008, during STS-124, astronauts took an action figure of Buzz Lightyear into space on the Discovery Space Shuttle as part of an educational experience for students that also stressed the catchphrase. The action figure was used for experiments in zero-g. Also in 2008, the phrase made international news when it was reported that a father and son had continually repeated the phrase to help them keep track of each other while treading water for 15 hours in the Atlantic Ocean.
- ↑ Graser, Marc (November 6, 2014). "John Lasseter to Direct ‘Toy Story 4,’ Out in 2017".. Retrieved on November 6, 2014.
- ↑ Hits the Big Time: Toy Story 4 to Debut in 2017
- ↑ "Toy Story Four A Go". blog.bcdb.com, November 7, 2014
- ↑ Graser, Marc (November 6, 2014). "Pixar’s ‘Toy Story 4′ Set to Play in Theaters in 2017".. Variety. Retrieved on November 12, 2014.
- ↑ Finn, Natalie (March 5, 2015). "Toy Story 4 Will Be a Romantic Comedy and a Separate Story From Original Trilogy", E! Online. Retrieved on March 6, 2015.
- ↑ Baxter, Joseph (March 5, 2015). "Is Toy Story 4 Going To Feature Woody Or Buzz Lightyear?", Cinema Blend. Retrieved on March 6, 2015.
- ↑ "10 Animators to Watch - Josh Cooley", Variety (March 10, 2015). Retrieved on March 11, 2015.
- ↑ "Creative Impact Animation Honoree John Lasseter Grooms Top Directors", Variety, Variety Media, LLC (10 March 2015). Retrieved on 26 March 2015.
- ↑ 9.0 9.1 9.2 Han, Angie. "ABC Announces ‘Toy Story That Time Forgot’ Christmas Special".
- ↑ Disney Pixar. "Get ready for our next TV special, "Toy Story That Time Forgot," coming to ABC holiday 2014!".. Facebook.