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The Evil Queen

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For information on the character's transformation, see Witch (Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs).
For the character from Alice in Wonderland, see Queen of Hearts.
Queeen
The Evil Queen
Background information
Feature films Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
Who Framed Roger Rabbit
(cameo)
Mickey's Magical Christmas: Snowed in at the House of Mouse
Mickey's House of Villains
Television programs House of Mouse
Once Upon a Time
Sofia the First
(mentioned)
Video games Disney's Villains' Revenge
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
Disney Princess
Kingdom Hearts Birth by Sleep
Disney Universe
Disney INFINITY
Park attractions Snow White's Scary Adventures
Fantasmic!
SpectroMagic
Mickey's Boo-to-You Halloween Parade
Disney's Once Upon a Dream Parade
Disney Stars and Motorcars Parade
Midship Detective Agency
Portrayed by
Portrayed by Anne Francine (in the musical)
Lana Parrilla (in Once Upon a Time)
Animators Art Babbitt
Bob Stokes
Glen Keane
Mark Henn
Stéphane Sainte-Foi
Yoshimichi Tamura
Randy Haycock
Anthony DeRosa
Chris Bailey
Kathy Zielinski
Dominique Monfery
Voice Lucille La Verne
Eda Reiss Merin
Louise Chamis
Susan Blakeslee
Performance model Olivia Wilde (in the Disney Dream Portrait Series)
Designer Albert Hurter
Joe Grant
Inspiration Helen Gahagan in She
Joan Crawford
Statue of Uta, wife of the Margrave of Meissen
Honors and awards 10th greatest movie villain (AFI's 100 Years... 100 Heroes and Villains), 9th Place in WatchMojo.com's Top 10 Animated Disney Villains
Character information
Full name Queen Grimhilde
Other names Evil Queen
Wicked Queen
Bad Queen
Ol' Granny, Wicked Witch (as the Witch)
Regina (in Once Upon a Time)
Personality Bad, unfeeling, vain, ruthless, sinister, evil, jealous, devious, cruel, extremely cold
Appearance Slender, regally beautiful, pale skin, rosy cheeks, red lips, long black hair, green eyes
(as the Queen): Long black cloak as part of her cowl lined with red on the inside and white fur on the bottom, high white collar attached to her cloak with a golden pendant and its red center attached to it, purple long-sleeved gown, red rope belt, black balaclava, ochre pumps, gold crown atop her head with 5 spikes on the front and a jewel on the tip of the middle and tallest spike
(as the Witch:) Elderly, very careworn face, large eyes with gold pupils, white hair, thick black eyebrows, hooked nose with a wart on it, long bony fingers, prominent chin, black cloak, gray Dutch-style slippers
Birthday
Occupation Monarch
Alignment Bad
Affiliations
Goal To be the fairest of all
Home Queen's Castle
Relatives Snow White (stepdaughter)
The First King (husband; deceased)
Evvie (daughter; Descendants only)
Cora (mother in Once Upon a Time)
Henry (father in Once Upon a Time)
Zelena (half-sister in Once Upon a Time)
Pets Her raven
Allies Jafar, Chernabog, Hades, Scar, Ursula, Maleficent, Cruella De Vil, Captain Hook, Judge Claude Frollo, Queen of Hearts/Cora, King George, Rumplestiltskin (sometimes), Franco DiFortunato (mentioned)
Minions Raven, Magic Mirror
Enemies Snow White, The Prince, Doc, Happy, Sneezy, Grumpy, Bashful, Sleepy, Dopey, Humbert, Magic Mirror, Mickey and Friends, Terra.
Likes Her stepdaughter's sudden death
Dislikes Snow White's survival, her ex-sidekick's failures due to the pig's heart evidence, Terra
Powers and abilities Her skill with potions allows her to change her appearance and mix poisons
Weapons Her Poisoned Apple (as the Witch)
Fate Falls off a cliff to her apparent death, and the vultures fly down to devour her body when she dies (in her Witch disguise).
Quote "Magic Mirror on the wall, who is the fairest one of all?"
"The heart of a PIG! Then I have been tricked!"
But to make doubly sure... you do not fail, bring me back her heart... in this.
―The Queen orders the Huntsman to bring her Snow White's heart

The Evil Queen is the main antagonist of Disney's 1937 film Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs and the first Disney animated features canon villain. Determined to remain the fairest of all, the Queen becomes insanely jealous of Snow White, the only one whose beauty surpasses her own. She eventually uses dark magic to transform herself into the Witch, in a final attempt to do away with her only, unknowing rival. Depicted in early designs as a fat character, her appearance eventually evolved into a much more sinister, stately beauty. She is generally one of Disney's most iconic and menacing first villains, once being voted the 10th greatest movie villain of all time. The Queen was animated by Art Babbitt and the Witch by Norman Ferguson. Both were voiced by veteran actress Lucille La Verne.

Her name was given as Queen Grimhilde in some old publicity material and comics, but the Disney company does not seem to acknowledge it as canon anymore. She is sometimes referred to as the Wicked Queen, while theme parks sometimes refer to her as the Snow Queen. The Witch is sometimes referred to as the Old Hag. The Evil Queen is also an official member of the Disney Villains.

Background

Physical Description

The Queen is an icily beautiful woman with a serene, unfeeling face and a slender figure. She is pale-skinned with green eyes, long raven black hair, red lips and seemingly penciled-on eyebrows. Her features and her royal attire create a very stunning and beautiful Queenly image. The Queen is seen wearing a purple gown with long sleeves and a red rope belt tied around her waist. She wears a black balaclava that covers her ears, neck and hair, leaving her face exposed. The Queen wears a long black cloak that appears to be part of the cowl. The cloak is lined with red inside and the bottom of the cloak is lined with white fur. She has a high white collar attached to her cloak. She also wears a golden pendant that seems to connect with the collar. She also wears orange-yellow high-heel pumps. To top off her royal appearance, the Evil Queen wears a golden crown atop her head with 5 spikes on the front and a jewel on the tip of the middle and tallest spike. The color scheme of her attire represents her pride and vanity.

In her witch disguise, the Queen's physical appearance changes from that of a youthfully beautiful queen with an unfeeling look on her face to that of an ugly, old peddler with face of displaying emotions. She has long, tangled white hair, thick eyebrows, gold eyes and dark rings around her eyes. Her nose becomes long and crooked with a large wart, and she only has one visible tooth on her bottom jaw. Her hands are gnarled and have pointed, dirty fingernails. She dons a black, cowled robe that retains the hanging sleeves of her gown. She also seems to wear gray slippers.

Walt Disney described the Queen as "a mixture of Lady Macbeth and the Big Bad Wolf... her beauty is sinister, mature, plenty of curves... she becomes ugly and menacing when scheming and mixing her poisons; magic fluids transform her into an old. witch-like hag."

Personality

The Queen does not appear to be significantly involved in governing her kingdom. Rather, she wants nothing more than to be the fairest in the land. She is cold, cruel, and has an extreme vanity that made her utterly intolerant of rivals. Her vanity and jealousy of Snow White's superior beauty and the Prince's attentions eventually drove her to murderous insanity. That she transforms herself into a hideous hag and conjures a poison named 'The Sleeping Death' to achieve this end is a sign of her determination and desperation.

As the Witch, her goal is the same, but she is far more excited as she comes closer to achieving her goal. However, in this new state she is slightly uncertain. She is no longer protected by her regal status and castle, she no longer has any minions, servants or magic to defend her, and she is older and frailer than before. However, this uncertainty is outweighed by her resolve to kill Snow White. However, the book My Side of the Story: Snow White/The Queen reveals that the Queen actually was very kind to Snow White at first (she even has a portrait of her stepdaughter on one of the walls of the castle), but she gets too wound up in her jealousy which ultimately results in her untimely end.[1][2][3] The book also reveals her, when not in her castle, owning a grocery store (as seen in the last page of the book)[4] and that the Huntsman was a very good friend of hers. She also, according to her explanation, made Snow White a servant in her castle to ensure that her stepdaughter is not lazy (Aside this, The Queen also tell Snow White to do chores everyday because it's a "good exercise" - this is proven in one scene from the book where Snow White eats some cake, and then The Queen snatches it from her stepdaughter, then tell Snow White not to eat some sweets because she is "still in growth & needs to diet"). Also, according to The Queen, she never asks the Magic Mirror who is the fairest in the land. But the Magic Mirror keeps complimenting on how beautiful The Queen is (in her opinion). In the scene where Snow White first meets The Prince and flirts with him, The Queen watches them from her window, with a worried look on her face, worried about Snow White's safety with an older boy (whereas in the film, she watches them with anger & jealousy of Snow White's beauty).

Appearances

Snow White and the Seven Dwarves

Discovering Snow White's Beauty

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The Queen watching Snow White and the Prince from her window.
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Jealous of her stepdaughter Snow White's beauty, the Queen forces her to work as a servant in her castle; even in rags and wooden shoes, however, Snow White's beauty shines through, causing the Queen to worry that Snow White's beauty may one day surpass her own. She has such vanity that she consults her Magic Mirror every day, ordering the slave within to reveal the name of the fairest in the land. Every day the spirit says that the Queen is the fairest, and she is content, until the mirror informs her that Snow White has finally become the fairest in the land. Outside, as Snow White works, she sings to herself, attracting the attention of the Prince, who is passing by, and they are instantly infatuated with each other. The Queen watches from her window, unseen by the two lovers, and, jealous both of Snow White's beauty and the Prince's affections, closes the curtains furiously.

The Huntsman's Orders

Summoning her faithful Huntsman to her, the Queen orders him to take Snow White far into a secluded area of the forest, where she can pick wild flowers, and kill her. She presents him with a box, in which Snow White's heart must be brought as proof. The Huntsman is reluctant to carry out such a deed, but, knowing the penalty for failure, takes Snow White deep into the forest. Just as he is about to stab the princess, he finds that he cannot bring himself to destroy such innocent beauty and, frantically warning Snow White of the Queen's vanity and jealousy, tells her to flee into the forest. He returns to the Queen, bringing in the box the heart of a pig. Meanwhile, Snow White finds the Cottage of the Seven Dwarfs, and is found by the dwarfs, whom she tells of the Queen's attempts to kill her. They are fearful of the dark magic of the Queen, not least because, Grumpy, not keen on having a woman around the house, refers to her as an "ol' witch" and suggests that she may have discovered them already, have made herself invisible, and be watching them right now. They nevertheless take pity and agree to take her in (though Grumpy is reluctant to do so, fearing the Queen's power, as well as being a self-proclaimed misogynist).

Transformation into the Witch

Main article: Witch (Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs)
Queenwitch
The Queen transforming into a witch.
De DisneyAdded by De Disney

That night the Queen once again consults the slave in the Magic Mirror, who tells her that Snow White is living in the cottage of the Seven Dwarfs and that the Huntsman has brought her a pig's heart. Furious, the Queen descends a spiral staircase, entering a dark chamber filled with arcane and magical artifacts, as well as a raven perched on a skull. The Queen decides to go to the cottage herself, disguised as a peddler. Consulting a book on disguises, she mixes the required potion ingredients (though exactly how she prepared most of them into a tangible form for the concoction can be anyone's guess), such as Mummy dust to make her old, the black of night to cloak her clothing, an old hag's cackle to age her voice, a scream of fright to whiten her hair, a blast of wind to fan her hate and finally a thunderbolt to mix it well. After putting all the ingredients together, she drinks the potion and turns herself from a regally beautiful queen to an ugly old hag. She then decides to dispose of Snow White with a poisoned apple, which will send its victim into the Sleeping Death.

The Sleeping Death

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The Queen after transforming into a Witch.
11japeteAdded by 11japete

The Witch brews the poison and dips an apple into the brew, turning the fruit black, then, upon her orders, a tempting red. (During this scene, she is speaking directly to the audience.) She reads that the victim of the poison can be revived by 'Love's First Kiss', but convinces herself that the Dwarfs, not knowing that Snow White is sleeping and not actually dead will bury the poisoned Snow White alive. Cackling to herself, she puts the apple in a basket, and walks down through the dungeon below, emerging from the castle's catacombs in a raft. As she makes her way to the dwarfs' cottage, two sinister vultures see her and, sensing that death is imminent, quietly pursue her.

Defeat

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The Witch about to meet her demise.
De DisneyAdded by De Disney

She reaches the cottage and, according to plan, finds that the Dwarfs have left and Snow White is alone. Catching the girl by surprise as she is preparing food for the Dwarfs when they return home from their work in the Diamond Mines, the Witch offers her the apple, but is attacked by the animals of the forest (who sense danger when they notice the two wicked vultures). Snow White does not recognize any danger in the old woman and lets her into the house to offer her a drink of water, while the animals rush to find the Dwarfs. The Witch tells Snow White that the apple will grant wishes, and, knowing of Snow White's romance with the Prince, persuades her to wish for a happy reunion before taking a bite. Snow White falls to the floor after some moaning, taken by the Sleeping Death, and the Witch cackles with glee as a storm starts outside. The dwarfs arrive in time to see her leave and, led by Grumpy, chase her through the forest and up a tall mountain and corner her on a cliff. She attempts to crush them with a huge boulder, but lightning strikes the cliff ledge she is standing on, causing her to fall hundreds of feet off the mountain to her (believed) death. As she falls the rock tumbles down after her. The dwarfs watch as the two wicked vultures fly down to her body at the bottom of the cliff.

Who Framed Roger Rabbit

The Queen makes a cameo in Who Framed Roger Rabbit. She is seen in her Witch Disguise crossing the streets in Toontown to get to the Apple Store with help from Snow White.

House of Mouse

The Queen made frequent cameos in crowd shots on House of Mouse. One episode, "Pluto Saves the Day", had her selling her poisoned apples to Pete, which he used to put the House crew to sleep.

Once Upon a Time

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The Evil Queen in Once Upon a Time.
Hey1234Added by Hey1234
For more information on Queen Regina, click here.

The Evil Queen, Regina, (Lana Parrilla) is the second wife of King Leopold, whom she does not love, and the step-mother of Snow White. As revealed in the episode "The Stable Boy" that before marrying Leopold Regina was kind and caring and was in love with a stable boy named Daniel (Noah Bean). However, when Snow White was little, Regina's mother Cora (Barbara Hershey) caused her horse to go wayward, leading to her being saved by Regina. King Leopold wanted to marry her as thanks and to give his daughter a mother. Resolving to run away with Daniel, Regina made Snow promise not to tell her mother, but later Snow accidentally revealed this to Cora who then killed Daniel. Regina was then forced to marry King Leopold. From then on, Regina vowed to destroy Snow's happiness to avenge Daniel. She kills the king by taking advantage of the love the Genie holds for her. This enacts the first part of her plan and makes her ruler of Leopold's realm. She then contrives ways to kill Snow — first by enlisting the Huntsman's help. However, the Huntsman is unable to kill her, and Regina punishes him by tearing out his heart and making him her slave.

She then accuses Snow of treason and places a bounty on her head and eventually puts her into a death-like sleep with a cursed apple. However, Snow is awakened and she and Prince James are happily married. On the day of the wedding, Regina vows to cast a curse on all of the inhabitants of the Enchanted Forest and take away all of their happiness so that she is the only one who is happy. She previously traded this curse to Maleficent in exchange for the sleeping curse. However, she forcibly retrieves it from her only friend when negotiations go sour. She has difficulty enacting it and goes to see its creator, Rumplestiltskin, for advice. In exchange for the information she desires, he asks that she give him a place of comfort and respect in the "new world" the curse will send them to and that she must do anything he asks when he utters "please." Agreeing, Regina learns she must use the heart of "the thing [she] love[s] most." She understands this to be her father Henry; with reluctance, she cuts his heart out and enacts the curse. Shortly after, she travels to Snow's castle where she triumphantly exclaims to Snow White and Prince Charming that the curse is taking them "somewhere truly horrible." Her desire to "win for once" fuels her endless quest for revenge.

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The Queen's Storybrook counterpart, Regina Mills.
Hey1234Added by Hey1234

In Storybrooke, she is Mayor Regina Mills. With Mr. Gold's help, she adopts Henry as a baby, unbeknownst to her at first that the baby was really the son of Snow White and Prince Charming's daughter Emma Swan. However, her relationship with Henry is strained: he prefers the company of his birth mother, he constantly rebels, and he constantly lies to her to spend time with Emma. Because of this and after discovering who Emma really was, Regina is antagonistic toward her and is determined to keep Emma away from Henry, even going as far as to forbid Emma from seeing him without her permission and threatening to file a restraining order against Emma. Regina is also determined to convince Henry that his theory about the curse and the true identities of the Storybrooke residents is false, and she starts him on regular sessions with therapist Archie Hopper. When Archie's methods are too slow, Regina tries to force Archie to tell Henry that his idea is crazy; however, Archie refuses and threatens to declare her an unfit mother if she continues to meddle in his sessions with Henry. She has a sexual relationship with Graham, who is really the huntsman, but he eventually breaks up with her. Out of jealousy, she crushes his heart and kills him, revealing that she remembers her identity as the Evil Queen. Regina manipulates Emma's trust of Sidney Glass to keep an eye on Emma's activities. She also tries to prevent the relationship between David Nolan and Mary Margaret Blanchard, really Prince James and Snow White, by reuniting David and his wife Kathryn, as well as using David's and Mary Margaret's affair to discredit Mary Margaret after the Nolans' marriage falls apart, and stealing Kathryn's letter stating that she never loved David and that she is allowing him to be with Mary Margaret.

On May 5, 2013, during the episode "Second Star to the Right", Queen Regina appeared in a commercial promoting New Fantasyland. During it, she mused over how she would change the stories of the new arrivals. At the end of the commercial, she sees a girl dressed like the classical Disney Snow White and says "Seriously?"

In the second half of the show's third season it was revealed that Regina is the younger half-sister of The Wicked Witch of the West.

Book Appearances

Comics

QueenGrimhilde Comics
The Queen in the comic strip adaptation.
JeremyCreekAdded by JeremyCreek

After the comic adaptation of Snow White, the Queen, in her hag form, returned as a recurring antagonist to the Seven Dwarfs, and later many other Disney protagonists, occasionally teaming up with fellow Disney villains like Pete and Captain Hook. One story in the 1980s provided an explanation for her return, and why she couldn't change back to her normal form. In two 1940s stories, it was also revealed that she had a deceitful twin brother.

Fairest of All: A Tale of the Wicked Queen

The novel, written by Serena Valentino, shows what caused the Queen to become the monster that she is in the film. It was revealed that her father, a maker of mirrors, never told her she was beautiful thus making her insecure of her appearance. When her father died she married the King whom she met at the well by her father's house. She grows to love Snow White as if she where her own daughter. But when the King's three witch-like cousins come for a visit they give her the Magic Mirror of which the spirit was that of her dead father. It would serve as a corrupting influence on her throughout the novel. After her husband's death, the Queen slowly descends into madness. By the end of novel, Snow White obtains the mirror and the Queen becomes the spirit inside the mirror after her death in the film.

Kingdom Keepers

The Queen is first seen in the fourth book at Disney Quest. She and Cruella replace Maleficent and Chernabog as leaders of the Overtakers when they were captured and casted a spell on some friends and schoolmates of the keepers to spy on them or send their messages. In the fifth book, she and Cruella appear again aboard the Disney Dream while following the hyenas who caught the Keepers' scent.

Video games

Kingdom Hearts Birth by Sleep

The Queen kh

The Queen appears as an antagonist in Kingdom Hearts Birth by Sleep, in her homeworld of Dwarf Woodlands, taking on both her Queen and hag forms. The Queen's first appearance in the Kingdom Hearts series was actually in Kingdom Hearts, a picture of her hag form appearing on Snow White's stain-glass podium in the Dive to the Heart.

In Terra's scenario, the Queen has just learned form the Magic Mirror that Snow White is now fairer than her in beauty. However, the mirror continued to say Snow White's heart is pure light. It is then the Queen notices that Terra has been listening in from the shadows and is asked is she has met Master Xehanort. Truthfully answering that she does not, the Queen sends Terra away. However, she then calls him back with an offer: kill Snow White and bring her heart back as proof of the kill in exchange for asking the Magic Mirror where Master Xehanort is. However, Terra didn't plan on doing so and returns soon after the Unversed chase Snow White into the forest. The Queen voices her rage at Terra for his failure. However, Terra points out he never intended to do so and that thick shadows of jealousy/vanity hang on her heart, clouding any radiance from actually shining. The Queen is now at wit's end and tells the Magic Mirror to suck Terra into its realm and deal with him. However, the mirror refuses the Queen's order as it lacked any power except answering answers with the truth (and rhyme). Snapping, the Queen (in the Japanese version) glows red and uses her darkness to force the mirror to obey her or (in the English version) tosses a green potion at it that transforms it into an Unversed. The Magic Mirror is now obedient to her command and sucks Terra inside. However, it soon releases him and the Queen is forced to ask the mirror the location of the elderly Keyblade Master. Upon being thanked by Terra, who then leaves, the Queen then begins to scheme up new ideas on how to kill Snow White.

In Ventus's scenario, she appears under the disguise of an old hag and prepares to carry the poisoned apple to Snow White, but drops it on her way. Ventus, unaware of her motives, politely gives the apple back. Upon seeing Ventus's Keyblade, the Queen remembers her encounter with Terra and twists the truth to make it look like Terra had threatened an old lady with his Keyblade just to learn if she knew any information about Master Xehanort. Though she succeeded in troubling Ventus, the Queen truthfully tells him she has no clue where he is now and departs for the forest, leaving Ven with a tale of half truth...

Some time between Ventus and Aqua's scenarios, the Queen succeeds in having Snow White eat the poisoned apple. She is then only briefly mentioned in Aqua's storyline by the Seven Dwarfs, who tell Aqua they chased away the Queen following her foul deeds. The Magic Mirror later tells Aqua that the Queen is dead and he is no longer under her control.

Disney Parks

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The Queen poses for a photo at one of the Disney Parks.
HelloeveeAdded by Helloevee

The Queen is a stock character who makes appearances at all of the Disney Theme Parks. She appears both as a normal human and sometimes as the witch.

She can often be found at Disney's Hollywood Studios for the Random Afternoon Pop-Ups that take place on The Streets of America, and around Echo Lake. She also joined her fellow Disney Villains lead by Hades for the "Unleash the Villains" event in 2013. These meet-and-greets are scheduled around Fantasmic!. She makes appearences Walt Disney Studios Park. She is also commonly found in Disneyland Paris.

On the Disney Fantasy, The queen is one of the villain suspects in the attraction "Midship Detective Agency" ans is sometimes the culprit.

Snow White's Scary Adventures

The Queen practically stars in this ride. She is seen more than any other character in all four versions of the ride, recreating classic scenes from the movie including peering out her window at Snow White in the movie (and the guests in the theme parks), transforming, creating the apple, offering the apple to the guests and on the cliffs for her comeuppance.

Fantasmic!

The Queen appears in the second act of Fantasmic!, and asks the Magic Mirror who the fairest one of all is. The Mirror, voiced by Tony Jay and projected onto water screens, replies that Mickey Mouse's imagination creates fairer things than she. Jealous, the Queen transforms herself into the Witch and uses the Mirror to summon various 'forces of evil', including Ursula, Cruella De Vil (only in Florida), Scar (only in Florida), Judge Claude Frollo (only in Florida), Jafar (only in Florida), Hades (only in Florida), Chernabog and Maleficent, who transforms into a dragon. Mickey is able to defeat the villains with a glowing white sword, which he first uses to defeat the dragon. This causes white sparks to surround every one of the villains. The Witch is the last to be defeated, transforming back into the Queen as she dies.

Walt Disney: One Man's Dream

In the show located in Tokyo Disneyland, The Queen appears alongside Maleficent and Judge Frollo in the villains act of the show. The Queen seems to be the leader of the trio in the show.

Villains Tonight

Aboard the Disney Magic and Disney Dream cruise ships, Hades' evil meter has gone down, which can result in him being fired as Lord of the Underworld. To regain his evil, Hades calls forth Disney's most powerful villains for help. He sends Pain and Panic to give The Queen an invitation, but she denies since Hades also invited Maleficent. The Evil Queen and Maleficent are rivals for Hades' affections, and for the status of "The Evilest of Them All". In the end however, they put their differences aside as all villains should stick together. The Queen, and Maleficent, advises Hades to find evil within himself, and not from others.

Behind the Scenes

Voice

Lucille La Verne was first asked to provide only the voice of Vengeance in A Tale of Two Cities,[5] but read for both parts and was later offered the part of the Queen when no other actress was found. Some at the studio felt that her voice was too deep, but David Hand argued that she "knew how to deliver lines," particularly when adding ingredients to the potion. Bill Cottrell and Joe Grant were in charge of La Verne's recording session. At first they felt that her voice was too smooth for the Witch. Asking herself to be excused, La Verne left the room; upon returning a few moments later, her voice was exactly what Cottrell and Grant wanted. When asked how she had achieved this, La Verne admitted that she had removed her false teeth. Cottrel was so convinced by La Verne's performance that, at the line "a glass of water! Please!" he leaped from his chair to fetch her a drink. Joe Grant noticed La Verne's changing attitude and posture when voicing the Queen and Witch, and sketched these poses down for animation reference.

Design and Animation of the Queen

In the early stages of design, the Queen was drawn as a fat, frumpy, comical character, in the style of the characters of the Silly Symphonies. The Fleisher Betty Boop short Snow White, which, like much of Fleisher's work, had probably been La Reina Grimhilde studied by Disney's animators, also has a fat, ugly Queen. However, when Albert Hurter introduced a more realistic style of character design to the Disney animators, it was ultimately decided that the Queen should be more beautiful, regal, cold and sinister, creating a much scarier character than had ever been attempted in animation before. Rather than a comical villain, she became a femme fatale, a type of character with which the Disney artists would have been familiar, through the silent screen; at the same time she is a figure from ancient Europe, viewed by American audiences in the 1930s as a symbol of not only charm and elegance, but also decadence and self-destruction. The Queen's costume is rumoured to be based on that worn by Helen Gahagan in the 1935 film She, though animator Art Babbit and other Disney artists have denied this. At a meeting on October 30, 1934, Disney suggested that the papier mache masks by Art Deco illustrator Vladislav Theodor Benda (an influence on Joe Grant's work) be used as inspiration for the Queen's face. Her 'Hollywood mask' of a face may also draw inspiration from Joan Crawford, particularly in the lips and eyes. The Queen's costume and general silhouette may have been inspired by a column statue at Naumberg Cathedral depicting Uta, wife of the Margrave of Meissen. There are also facial similarities to George de Feure's La Femme au chapeau noir (1898-1900).

Babbit based the Queen on "all of the women I've ever known", and noted that, while the animation of the Queen relied, to an extent, on live-action footage, he felt the need to 'caricature' and 'invent' in order to justify the medium of animation; the animation was not rotoscoped as The Prince's was.

Abandoned Concepts

Imprisoning the Prince

It was originally planned that, jealous of the Prince's affections for Snow White, the Queen would have him brought to her, and she would have him locked in her dungeon. As the Witch, she would have made the skeletons in the dungeon (one of whom would have been identified as 'Prince Oswald') rise up and dance. She would have left the Prince in the dungeon, and he was to escape in the manner of Errol Flynn, enabling him to reach Snow White and break the spell.[6] The idea was abandoned when it was realized how difficult it was to animate the Prince convincingly, and the character only appeared when he needed to further the story, which centered primarily around the relationship between Snow White and the Queen.

However, comics released to promote the film include such scenes; the Witch locks up the Prince and tells him of her plans for Snow White, telling him that she will win his affections, while the Prince is defiant. Later, as the animators became more experienced at animating human characters, a similar concept was used in Sleeping Beauty, in which Maleficent has Prince Phillip captured and taken to the Forbidden Mountains, where she shows him visions of the future she has planned for him.

Deleted Scenes

A very short sequence involving the Witch stirring her cauldron was fully animated and completed, and was among the scenes cut from the film by Walt Disney at the last minute. In the sequence, the Raven looks on as the Witch stirs the cauldron with a huge bone. She pauses to see that the smoke rising from the brew is shaped like skulls, and adds a drop of an unknown ingredient to the concoction. At this, smoke from the cauldron fills the room. This sequence would have occurred immediately after the scene of the Seven Dwarfs going to sleep in their cottage; the sequence would have been followed by the scene in which the Witch dips the apple into the brew to make it poisonous.

Deviations from Source Material

  • In the first Brothers Grimm version of the fairy tale, the Queen was Snow White's biological mother; however, in all later versions she was the heroine's stepmother, as she is in the film.
  • In the original Snow White fairy tale, the Queen did not drink a potion to transform into a peddler woman, but merely 'painted her face'.
  • The Queen also visited Snow White three times, each time in a different disguise and with a different object; first, she came with a corset, which she used to draw the breath from Snow White (the dwarfs arrive in time to remove the corset); second, she came with a poisoned comb, which she put in Snow White's hair (the dwarfs simply remove it); finally, she came with the poisoned apple, the effects of which the dwarfs were unable to undo. However, as noted in the Deleted Scenes section above, they were considered to be implemented, but were removed due to time constraints.
  • Snow White was not cured in the original story by being kissed; the Prince was amazed at her beauty and had her carried in the glass coffin to his castle; on the way, she was knocked, and the piece of poisoned apple fell out of her mouth.
  • In the fairy tale, the Queen was killed much later, at the wedding of Snow White; she was forced to wear red hot iron shoes, in the dungeon, which she danced until she fell down dead.
  • In the fairy tale The Queen was returning back to the castle to reveal her herself and she asked the magic mirror the same question as usual. He says she is the most fairest of all. And she finally can sleep well.

Critical response

The Queen is considered one of the greatest movie villains of all time and, along with Cruella De Vil, Maleficent and Ursula is one of Disney's most popular villains, regularly appearing in polls; she was nominated for a place in 'AFI’s 50 Greatest Villains list' (along with Stromboli, Man, Lady Tremaine, Maleficent, Cruella De Vil and Ursula; the Disney Villains to make the final list were the Queen (10), Man (20), and Cruella De Vil (39) and was ranked fourth in fan site Ultimate Disney's countdown of the most popular Disney Villains. The Witch was voted to seventh place in an official poll for favorite animated Disney Villains (behind Cruella De Vil, Maleficent, Ursula, Captain Hook, Scar and Jafar). The Queen was also ranked as the greatest Disney Villain in the tongue-in-cheek Disney Villains: The Top Secret Files (which includes a photo of her in her 'first modelling job', and a list of foods she contemplates poisoning). The Queen is also one of Terry Gilliam's favorite villains. However, Gilliam noted that her transformation into ugliness in order supposedly to become the fairest of all was "a truly strange thing".

Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnston considered the Queen to be one of Disney's greatest villains, citing, as reasons for the good villain-victim relationship, in particular the fact that her motivations were clear, that she had no redeeming qualities, and that Snow White was childlike in her belief that she was safe. The Queen's menace and intensity was considered too frightening for young audiences by some parental group, and the scene in which she transforms into the Witch was initially cut from the UK release. It was voted number 80 in Channel 4's 100 Greatest Scary Moments. Thomas and Johnston felt that Disney restrained his animators from creating such a terrifying villain again.

Al Hirschfeld criticized the design of the Queen, The Prince and Snow White as "badly drawn attempts at realism... Disney's treatment of these characters belongs in the oopsy-woopsy school of art practiced mostly by etchers who portray dogs with cute sayings." Similarly, Michael Barrie considers the Queen "cold and unappealing... even closer to live action than Snow White herself." However, Robin Allan considers her to succeed better than any live action equivalent could because "her character and movement have been distilled until she is the epitome of evil... in animation, nothing that we see is not intended." Barrier praises the Witch as "a striking character", but in an "ultimately false manner."

The sequence in which the Vultures watch the Witch fall to her death, then fly down to her body, impressed Sylvia Moberly-Holland enough to inspire her to apply as an Inspirational Sketch Artist at the Disney studio.
The Queen provided the inspiration for many villains that followed, particularly MGM's Wicked Witch of the West and Maleficent in Sleeping Beauty. Critics have also noted similarities between the Witch and the cackling, hooded Emperor Palpatine/Darth Sidious, the ultimate villain of the Star Wars saga.

Gallery

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Trivia

  • In the original story, the Queen's comeuppance is much, much scarier. In the movie, she simply fell from the cliff to her death. In the original story, after The Prince knows that The Queen is the one that gave Snow White the poison, he and the others capture the Queen for punishment. At the time of her punishment, a pair of heated iron shoes are brought, and "she was forced to dance on those heated shoes, in front of Snow White, until she dropped dead."
  • The Queen's behavior is similar to Lady Tremaine because both are jealous of their stepdaughters' beauty, except that Tremaine didn't try to harm her stepdaughter physically.
  • In the Japanese version of Kingdom Hearts Birth by Sleep, the Queen uses her own darkness to control the Magic Mirror and force it to battle Terra. In the English version, however, she simply smashes a potion on the Mirror to make it obey.
  • In the English version of Kingdom Hearts Birth By Sleep, the Queen is voiced by Susanne Blakeslee, who also voiced Maleficent, Flora and Lady Tremaine in the same game. Her iconic scene with the Magic Mirror is near-faithfully recreated in the English version, save for changing her term to refer to the mirror from the original film's "slave" to "spirit".
  • She, along with other Disney villains, helped inspire Queen Narissa from Enchanted. It is interesting to note Queen Narissa sends Giselle to the "real world" so she won't have a happy ending. Queen Regina, who is also based off the Queen, does this as well, but not just to one person to a whole kingdom.
  • The Queen is similar to Judge Claude Frollo from The Hunchback of Notre Dame,in the sense that the two chose to raise their respective foes in towers: Frollo's being a belltower and The Queen's being a castle.
  • The Queen is the first green-eyed villain of an official Disney Princess. The second is Lady Tremaine from Cinderella.
  • The queen is ranked number 10 on the AFI's 100 Years, 100 Heroes and Villains, being the highest ranked animated villain on the list, in front of Man (Bambi) at number 20 and Cruella De Vil (101 Dalmatians) at number 39.
  • The Queen never interacted with Snow White in the film on-screen. She only interacted with her in her witch form. In the original story and even in alternate versions of Snow White, however, she does indeed interact with her stepmother.
  • The Queen is the first Disney villain to change her appearance in order to deceive the protagonist, and gain the upper hand.
  • The Queen is one of the very few Disney villains to break the fourth wall literally as she while as a Witch speaks directly to the audience. She also briefly after learning Snow White is fairer than her looks at the audience.
  • When talking to Princess Sofia, Snow White mentions her stepmother when telling her not everything is as it seems

References

  1. [1]
  2. [2]
  3. [3]
  4. [4]
  5. Animated Voice Talents. Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. Platinum Edition (Disc 2).
  6. Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs production timeline (DVD feature)



Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
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Media: Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs | Musical | Video game | Kingdom Hearts Birth by Sleep | House of Mouse | Once Upon a Time

Characters: Snow White | The Queen/The Witch | Prince | The Huntsman | Doc | Grumpy | Happy | Bashful | Sleepy | Sneezy | Dopey | Forest Animals | Fly | Raven | Vultures

Objects: Magic Mirror | Poisoned Apple | Wishing Well

Locations: The Queen's Castle | Cottage of the Seven Dwarfs | Dwarfs' Mine | Forest

Songs: I'm Wishing | One Song | With a Smile and a Song | Whistle While You Work | Heigh Ho | Bluddle-Uddle-Um-Dum (The Dwarfs' Washing Song) | The Silly Song | Some Day My Prince Will Come

Unused Songs: Music In Your Soup | You're Never Too Old

Other: Unused Dwarfs | Snow White's Scary Adventures | Seven Dwarfs Mine Train | Snow White Grotto | Merchandise | Promotional material | Parodies | Legacy | Disney Sing Along Songs: Heigh-Ho



 
Kingdom Hearts series
Kingdom Hearts II Final Mix 2 (Art)
Games: Kingdom Hearts + Final Mix | Chain of Memories | Re:Chain of Memories | Kingdom Hearts II + Final Mix | 358/2 Days | Birth by Sleep + Final Mix | coded | Re:coded | Dream Drop Distance | HD I.5 ReMIX | χ [chi] | HD II.5 ReMIX | Kingdom Hearts III

Incorporated Films and shorts: Alice in Wonderland | Aladdin/The Return of Jafar | Beauty and the Beast | Cinderella | Fantasia | Hercules | The Hunchback of Notre Dame | Lilo & Stitch | The Lion King | The Little Mermaid | Mickey, Donald and Goofy: The Three Musketeers | Mulan | The Nightmare Before Christmas | Peter Pan | Pinocchio | Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl | Sleeping Beauty | Steamboat Willie | Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs | Tarzan | Tron/Tron: Legacy | The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh

Main Characters: Sora | Riku | Kairi | King Mickey | Donald Duck | Goofy | Roxas | Terra | Ventus | Aqua

Villains: Master Xehanort | Ansem | Xemnas | Maleficent/Dragon Maleficent | Pete | Organization XIII | Vanitas | Xigbar/Braig | Xaldin | Vexen | Lexaeus | Zexion | Saïx/Isa | Demyx | Luxord | Marluxia | Larxene | Terra-Xehanort | Young Xehanort | Xehanort's Guardian

Other Characters: Jiminy Cricket | Naminé | Ansem the Wise/DiZ | Yen Sid | Xion | Axel/Lea | Master Eraqus | Dilan | Even | Aeleus | Ienzo | Lingering Will | Data Sora | Data Riku | Data Naminé | Data Roxas | Hayner | Pence | Olette | Riku-Ansem | Kairi's Grandma | Riku Replica | Anti-Saïx | Anti-Sora | Anti-Riku | Sora-Heartless | Jiminy's Journal

Original Monsters: Heartless | Nobodies | Unversed | Dream Eater

Disney Characters and Villains: Queen Minnie | Daisy Duck | Pluto | Tarzan | Winnie the Pooh | Aladdin | Genie | Tron | Magic Brooms | Peter Pan | Quasimodo | | Merlin | Tigger | Eeyore | Rabbit | Ariel | Mulan | Mushu | Jack Sparrow | Chernabog | Simba | Timon | Pumbaa | Nala | King Triton | Jafar/Genie Jafar | Alice | Cheshire Cat | Jack Skellington | Esmeralda | Phoebus | Beagle Boys | Scrooge McDuck | Huey, Dewey and Louie | Master Control Program | Sark | CLU | Rinzler | Beast | Stitch | Hercules | Tick-Tock the Crocodile | Snow White | Wendy (More coming soon)

Square Enix Characters: Leon | Cloud | Neku Sakuraba | Shiki | Others

Plot Elements: Universe of Kingdom Hearts | Kingdom Hearts | Heart | Keyblade War | Dark Seeker Saga | More

Game Elements: Gameplay in Kingdom Hearts | Magic

Objects: Sea-salt ice cream | Wayfinder | Door to Darkness | Keyblade | X-blade | Mickey's Letters | Thalassa Shell | Kingdom Hearts Encoder | Keychain | Gummi Blocks | Bug Blox | Black coat| | Keyblade Armor

Locations: Land of Departure | Disney Castle | Disney Town | Timeless River | Datascape | Radiant Garden | Keyblade Graveyard | Destiny Islands | Traverse Town | Hollow Bastion | Dive to the Heart | End of the World | Realm of Darkness | Castle Oblivion | Twilight Town | The World That Never Was | Castle That Never Was | Halloween Town | Neverland | Wonderland

Organizations/Groups: Organization XIII | Princesses of Heart | Disney Villains Council

Music: Dearly Beloved | Simple and Clean | Sanctuary | Mickey Mouse Club March | Swim This Way | Part of Your World | Under the Sea | Ursula's Revenge | A New Day is Dawning | Destati | Bibbidi-Bobbidi-Boo | He's a Pirate | Beauty and the Beast | This is Halloween | It's a Small World | Night on Bald Mountain | Winnie the Pooh | The Sorcerer's Apprentice | The Pastoral Symphony

Soundtracks: Kingdom Hearts Original Soundtrack | Kingdom Hearts Final Mix - Additional Tracks | Kingdom Hearts II Original Soundtrack | Kingdom Hearts Original Soundtrack Complete | Kingdom Hearts Birth by Sleep & 358/2 Days Original Soundtrack | Kingdom Hearts: Dream Drop Distance Original Soundtrack


Kingdom Keepers
Kingdom Keepers I Disney After Dark
Books: Kingdom Keepers | Kingdom Keepers I: Disney After Dark | Kingdom Keepers II: Disney at Dawn | Kingdom Keepers III: Disney In Shadow | Kingdom Keepers IV: Power Play | Kingdom Keepers V: Shell Game | Kingdom Keepers VI: Dark Passage

Original Characters: Finn Whitman | Charlene Turner | Terrence Maybeck | Dell Philby | Isabella Angelo | Wayne Kresky | Amanda Lockhart | Jessica Lockhart | Mrs. Whitman | Wanda Alcott | Greg Luowski | Storey Ming | Bess Maybeck | Gladis Philby | Sally Ringwald | Dillard Cole | Hugo Montcliff | Mattie Weaver

Disney Characters: Mickey Mouse | Minnie Mouse | Pluto | Ariel | Mulan | King Triton | Megara | Goofy | Stitch | Lilo | Winnie the Pooh | Piglet | Tigger | Chip 'n' Dale

Overtakers: Maleficent | Chernabog | The Queen | Cruella De Vil | Claude Frollo | Ursula | Jafar | Shan Yu | Jack Sparrow | Tia Dalma | Gaston | Prince John | Horned King | Big Bad Wolf | J. Worthington Foulfellow | Gideon | Shenzi, Banzai and Ed | Diablo | Magic Brooms | Green Army Men | Blackbeard

Locations: Magic Kingdom | Epcot | Disney's Hollywood Studios | Disney's Animal Kingdom | Typhoon Lagoon | DisneyQuest | Cinderella Castle | Escher's Keep | It's a Small World | Splash Mountain | The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh | Big Thunder Mountain Railroad | Expedition Everest | Fantasmic! | Voyage of the Little Mermaid | Disney Dream | Walt Disney: One Man's Dream | Disney's Animal Kingdom Lodge | Soarin' | Mission: SPACE | Test Track | Wonders of Life | Morocco Pavilion | China Pavilion | France Pavilion | Norway Pavilion | Mexico Pavilion | Disneyland | Jungle Cruise | Indiana Jones Adventure: Temple of the Forbidden Eye | Buzz Lightyear Astro Blasters


Kihala Princess
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Media: Kilala Princess

Characters: Kilala Reno | Rei | Snow White | Doc | Grumpy | Happy | Sneezy | Bashful | Sleepy | Dopey | The Evil Queen | Cinderella | Lady Tremaine | Anastasia Tremaine | Drizella Tremaine | Aurora | Maleficent | Ariel | Flounder | Sebastian | Ursula | Belle | Beast | Gaston | Jasmine | Aladdin | Jafar | Iago | Tippe | Erika | Sylphy | Kilala's Parents | Valdou

Locations: Paradiso | Atlantica | Agrabah

Objects: Magic Tiara | Magic Mirror | Poisoned Apple | Glass Slipper | Trident | Jafar's Snake Staff


Once Upon a Time
Once Upon a Time

Media: Once Upon a Time | Once Upon a Time in Wonderland

Characters: Emma Swan | Snow White/Mary Margaret Blanchard | Prince Charming/David Nolan | The Evil Queen/Regina Mills | Rumplestiltskin/Mr. Gold | Belle/Lacey French | Red Riding Hook/Ruby | Huntsman/Sheriff Graham | Jiminy Cricket/Archie Hopper | Cora/The Queen of Hearts | Captain Hook | Pinocchio/August W. Booth | Victor Frankenstein/Dr. Whale | Grumpy/Leroy | Princess Aurora | Prince Phillip | Mulan | Blue Fairy/Mother Superior | Widow Lucas/Granny | King George/Albert Spencer | Genie | Magic Mirror/Sidney Glass | Mad Hatter/Jefferson | Baelfire/Neal Cassidy | Milah | Cinderella/Ashley Boyd | Fairy Godmother | Peter Pan

Locations: Storybrooke | Never Land | Wonderland | New York | Boston, Massachusetts | Land Without Color

Objects: Dreamshade | Dark One's Dagger | Enchanted Candle | Pandora's Box

Start a Discussion Discussions about The Evil Queen

  • Dr Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

    3 messages
    • They do. Just like Jekyll could release his anger as Hyde, the queen released her cruelty.
    • Yeah, she does.
  • New AKA Of Misrabel

    4 messages
    • Ok, she does look like her to me though. So I thought maybe it's the real name for the Old Hag transformation as that name of Old Hag does soun...
    • Sega! :)

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