- "Scrooge" redirects here. For the literary character he is named after (and once played the role of), see Ebenezer Scrooge.
- “After all, adventure is the mother of industry!”
- ―Scrooge McDuck[src]
Scrooge McDuck, also known as Uncle Scrooge, is a Scottish duck created by Carl Barks. He is Donald Duck's rich uncle who first appeared in Four Color Comics #178 in the story Christmas on Bear Mountain, published by Dell Comics in December of 1947.
Over the decades, Scrooge has grown from being a supporting character in comic books to one of the most popular and recognizable Disney characters.
- “No man is poor who can do what he likes to do once in a while! And I like to dive around in my money like a porpoise! And burrow through it like a gopher! And toss it up and let it hit me on the head!”
- ―Scrooge McDuck[src]
Scrooge McDuck is the richest duck in the world, having gained his massive wealth from hard work and being "tougher than the toughies and smarter than the smarties and making it square," on the course of his many adventures in finding treasure and through mining and other business endeavors. He's a traveler by nature, journeying all over the world in search of treasure and ways of expanding his many businesses.
Having worked so hard to acquire his wealth, Scrooge loves his money more than anything in the world and seldom spends any more of it than he has to. Still, he values honesty, hard work, and fair play and doesn't like to be in anyone's debt. Like his nephew Donald, he has a temper, but is essentially a good hearted and well meaning person. It's known that the one thing Scrooge loves far more than his money is his family. Despite being seemingly elderly, Scrooge has been able to keep up with his nephews and allies on their adventures without slowing down with a few rare exceptions. With a grouchy nature, Scrooge is feared by a majority of his own employees, even though, on occasions, his kindness has also been exploited.
According to many tales told about Scrooge's lifetime, including the Eisner Award-winning series The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck, Scrooge has worked his way up the financial ladder from humble immigrant roots. Spending his youth in Glasgow, Scotland, he made a living shining boots. His "Old Number One" is his most famous prized possession, and has been considered to be the source of his immense fortune, However, Scrooge has privately confided to Donald and the nephews that the dime's "great luck" may only be a superstition. In the 1964 Uncle Scrooge comic Getting That Healthy, Wealthy Feeling, drawn by Tony Strobl and written by Carl Fallberg, Scrooge reveals that he earned his first dime when he was a shoeshine boy in his youth, a concept that originated from Carl Barks' and Vic Lockman's The Invisible Intruder (1963), and would later reappear in the DuckTales episode "Once Upon a Dime", as well as The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck. In the Uncle Scrooge comic Of Ducks, Dimes and Destines, it was revealed to the reader that the dime originated from the wealthy and braggy American Howard Rockerduck.
Touring through Glasgow, Howard tossed pocket money to some playing children, where the particular dime was caught by Scrooge's sister Matilda, who gave it to her father, Fergus McDuck. In an attempt to get Scrooge to set his mind on serious business, Fergus handed the dime to his friend Burt the ditch-digger, and asked if he would go to Scrooge's street shoeshine business to shine his extra dirty boots. Getting paid with the worthless American coin after his hard work, Scrooge decided to "be smarter than the smarties and tougher than the toughies, and make [his money] square". The dime also inspired him to seek his fortune in America.
He keeps a portion of his wealth in a massive Money Bin overlooking the city of Duckburg. In the Dutch and Italian Disney comics, he regularly forces Donald and his nephews to polish the coins one by one in order to pay off Donald's debts. Scrooge will not even pay them much for this lengthily, tedious, hand-breaking work. As far as he is concerned, even thirty cents an hour is too much expenditure.
A shrewd businessman and noted tightwad, his hobbies include diving into his money like a porpoise, burrowing through it like a gopher and throwing coins into the air to feel them fall upon his skull. He is also the richest member of The Billionaires Club of Duckburg, a society which includes the most successful businessmen of the world and allows them to keep connections with each other. Glomgold and Rockerduck are also influential members of the Club. The sum of Scrooge's wealth is disputed. According to Barks' The Second Richest Duck, as noted by a TIME article, Scrooge is worth "one multiplujillion, nine obsquatumatillion, six hundred twenty-three dollars and sixty-two cents." The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck notes that Scrooge amounts to "five multiplujillion, nine impossibidillion, seven fantasticatrillion dollars and sixteen cents". In 2007, Forbes listed his wealth at a much more modest $28.8 billion. Whatever the amount, Scrooge never considers it enough; he always wants to continue earning money by any honest means possible.
Scrooge has generally been depicted as an elderly duck. The only time a specific age was stated was in the one pager comic, Watt An Occasion (first published in 1955), by Scrooge's creator Carl Barks, where Scrooge celebrates his 75th birthday. According to the comic Zio Paperone e l'oro del Klondike ("Uncle Scrooge and the Gold of the Klondike"), by master Disney artist Romano Scarpa, Scrooge was born in 1897, making him 73 years of age when the story was first published in 1970. However, in Don Rosa's The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck, Scrooge celebrates his 10th birthday in 1877 (according to the cover of the comic book), thus making him 80 years old when he meets his nephews in the last chapter of the series, of which the comic book cover shows the year 1947. The DuckTales episode "Sweet Duck of Youth", shows Scrooge having approximately 60 candles on his birthday cake. In DuckTales the Movie: Treasure of the Lost Lamp he refers to 40 years as "most of his life", placing his age under 80 years.
Scrooge, elderly uncle of previously established character Donald Duck, made his first named appearance in Christmas on Bear Mountain in December 1947, a story written and drawn by Disney Legend Carl Barks. His appearance may have been based on a similar-looking, nameless Scottish character from the 1943 propaganda short The Spirit of '43.
In Christmas on Bear Mountain , Scrooge was a bearded, bespectacled, reasonably wealthy old duck, visibly leaning on his cane, and living in isolation in a "huge mansion". Scrooge's misanthropic thoughts in this first story are quite pronounced: "Here I sit in this big lonely dump, waiting for Christmas to pass! Bah! That silly season when everybody loves everybody else! A curse on it! Me—I'm different! Everybody hates me, and I hate everybody!"
Barks later reflected, "Scrooge in Christmas on Bear Mountain was only my first idea of a rich, old uncle. I had made him too old and too weak. I discovered later on that I had to make him more active. I could not make an old guy like that do the things I wanted him to do."
In the 1948 Barks comic The Old Castle's Secret, Scrooge's Scottish ancestry was first established. It was also the first time that Scrooge took his nephews on a treasure hunt, something that would happen in many more comics to come.
While Barks was developing Uncle Scrooge's character, he also introduced many famous aspects of Scrooge's life that are still used nowadays. In Voodoo Hoodoo (1949), Scrooge could be seen bathing in his money for the first time, while in Billions to Sneeze At (1951), the idea of Scrooge swimming in his money was introduced. Scrooge's Money Bin made its first appearance in the 1952 comic The Big Bin on Killmotor Hill, and Scrooge's characteristic Number One Dime first appeared in The Round Money Bin (1953).
The Magic Hourglass, first published in September 1950, was one of the first stories to change the focus of the Duck stories from Donald to Scrooge. During the story, several themes were introduced for Scrooge.
Donald first mentions in this story that his uncle practically owns Duckburg, a statement that Scrooge's rival John D. Rockerduck would later put in dispute. Scrooge first hints that he was not born into wealth, as he remembers buying the Hourglass in Morocco when he was a member of a ship's crew as a cabin boy. It is also the first story in which Scrooge mentions speaking another language besides his native English and reading other alphabets besides the Latin alphabet, as during the story, he speaks Arabic and is able to read the Arabic alphabet.
The latter theme would be developed further in later stories. Barks and current Scrooge writers have depicted Scrooge as being fluent in Arabic, Dutch, German, Mongolian, Spanish, Mayan, Bengali, Finnish, and various dialects of Chinese. Scrooge acquired this knowledge from years of living or traveling to the various regions of the world where those languages are spoken.
In The Magic Hourglass, Scrooge was shown in a more positive light than in previous stories, but his more villainous side was present too. Scrooge is seen in this story attempting to reacquire a magic hourglass that he gave to Donald, before finding out that it acted as a protective charm for him. Scrooge starts losing one billion dollars each minute, and comments that he will go bankrupt within 600 years. This line is a parody of Orson Welles's line in Citizen Kane “You know, Mr. Thatcher, at the rate of a million dollars a year, I'll have to close this place in... 60 years”. To convince his nephews to return it, he pursues them throughout Morocco, where they had headed to earlier in the story. Memorably during the story, Scrooge interrogates Donald by having him tied up and tickled with a feather in an attempt to get Donald to reveal the hourglass's location. Scrooge finally manages to retrieve it, exchanging it for a flask of water, as he had found his nephews exhausted and left in the desert with no supplies. As Scrooge explains, he intended to give them a higher offer, but he just could not resist having somebody at his mercy without taking advantage of it.
In 1952, the first story with Uncle Scrooge as its title character appeared, called Only a Poor Old Man. With the success of the first tryout issues with Scrooge as its titular character, Scrooge began starring in his own comic book series, called Uncle Scrooge. Ever since, Scrooge, besides being featured in many more Uncle Scrooge-titled adventure comics, has also starred in a large amount of one-pagers, which were often centered around his extreme stingyness.
The above mentioned stories all being written and drawn by Carl Barks, Scrooge was never used by any other writer or artist until his appearance in a 1950 comic called Trail Blazer by Bob Moore, followed by many more artists and writers who picked up the Scrooge character for their own stories. Barks kept writing and drawing Uncle Scrooge comics until his retirement in 1967. In the 1970s, Barks wrote the scripts of multiple Donald Duck-themed comics centered around the Junior Woodchucks, featuring Scrooge in a neutral or even antagonistic role towards the scouting group. Barks wrote his last Uncle Scrooge adventure comic, Horsing Around with History, in 1994. The artwork was done by William Van Horn. Scrooge has been used by many different writers and artists from around the globe, and is still one of the most frequently appearing Donald Duck characters today.
Appearances in animation
The character of Scrooge has appeared in various media aside from comic books. Scrooge's first appearance in animated form (save for a brief cameo appearance on the Mickey Mouse Club television series) was in the 1967 theatrical featurette Scrooge McDuck and Money, in which he teaches his nephews some basic financial tips. In this featurette, Scrooge was voiced by Bill Thompson.
In the short, Huey, Dewey and Louie come to Scrooge with their piggy bank in hand, wanting advice on how they can save it and one day become wealthy like Scrooge. Scrooge agrees that the boys should learn more about money, and begins with a history, first talking about ancient forms of money. Proper forms of money were invented to provide a easier way to determine the value of goods. Scrooge then elaborates on the development of coins, paper bills, and finally credit. When the nephews ask why the government doesn't just print more money, Scrooge gives them a brief lesson on inflation, using comparisons to give the boys idea of just how much money is billion dollars actually is.
Finally, Scrooge gives the boys a lesson on budgeting for expenses. Proper budgeting should leave a profit. According to Scrooge, investing the profit was how he obtained his wealth. By using the same strategies, the boys can grow their savings as well. Scrooge leads the boys into his boardroom and accepts their piggy bank, making them stockholders. Scrooge takes a small fee for his time and consultation, informing the boys that good things are never free. The boys leave with a much better knowledge of money and finances.
Scrooge stars as his namesake Ebenezer Scrooge in the 1983 featurette. Scrooge has the same role as the in the original story. After he is visited by the Ghosts of Christmas Past (portrayed by Jiminy Cricket), Present (Willie the Giant) and Future (Pete), Scrooge changes his ways.
The featurette also marked the first time Scrooge's current voice actor Alan Young voiced Scrooge in an animated production.
Scrooge appeared as a main character in the television special Sport Goofy in Soccermania. He accidentally gives Huey, Dewey and Louie a valuable trophy, believing it is worthless. The nephews use it as a prize for a soccer tournament. Scrooge finds out and realizes that the only way to get his trophy back is to win the soccer game against the Beagle Boys. With the help of Goofy, Scrooge wins and regains his trophy.
In this special, Scrooge was voiced by Will Ryan.
In the DuckTales series, Scrooge has adopted the nephews (due to Donald leaving home and joining the Navy) and, as a result, his rougher edges are smoothed out somewhat. While most of his traits remain from the comics, he is notably more jovial and less irritable in the series. In the Season 1 episode "Once Upon a Dime", Scrooge credits his improved temperament to the nephews and Webby, saying that "for the first time since I left Scotland, I have a family." Though Scrooge is far from heartless in the comics, he is rarely so openly sentimental. While he still hunts for treasure in DuckTales, many episodes focus on him attempting to thwart villains. He remains, however, just as tightfisted with money as he has always been. Scrooge displays a strict code of honor, insisting that the only valid way to acquire wealth is to "earn it square" and he goes to great lengths to thwart those (sometimes even his own nephews) who gain money dishonestly. This code also prevents him from ever being dishonest himself, saying that "Scrooge McDuck's word is as good as gold." He also expresses great disgust at being viewed by others as a greedy liar and cheater. The show fleshed out his upbringing by depicting his life as an individual who worked hard his entire life to earn his keep and fiercely defend it against those who were truly dishonest: a value he teaches his nephews.
Also, it was shown that money is no longer the most important thing in his life. For one episode, he is under a love spell, which causes him to lavish his time on a goddess over everything else. The nephews and Webby find out that the only way to break the spell is to make the person realize that the object of their love will cost them something they truly love. The children make it appear that Scrooge's love is allergic to money; however, he simply decides to give up his wealth so he can be with her. Later, when he realizes that he'll also have to give up his nephews to be with her, the spell is immediately broken, showing that family is the most important thing to him. Similarly, Scrooge McDuck, after regaining his wealth after it got lost in cyberspace (and his nephews unintentionally making their misadventure even worse when they mistook his savings account for a computer game), briefly celebrated his regaining his wealth, although he eventually grew despondent, feeling that there was a "better treasure" where he was going (at the time, due to miscommunication between Scrooge and Dr. Quackerpelt, Scrooge believed that he had been diagnosed as terminally ill, when Quackerpelt was in fact trying to tell Scrooge that he had been trying to repair a grandfather clock that his nephews broke).
In the Season 3 episode "Blue Collar Scrooge", when attempting to use a scooter from his nephews, Scrooge accidentally crashes into a pond and begins to grow amnesiac. He starts to believe that he works at the same company Fenton worked with and dates Fenton's mom. However, when Fenton, to cover up the fact that Scrooge disappeared, poses as him all too well and puts the company in danger, Scrooge deliberately crashes himself into a wall with a scooter to regain his memory and throw Fenton out.
Scrooge appeared as the host of the series' third episode. Here, he has bought an incredibly advanced security system to guard his vault. Although he has been told it's the best security system known to man, Scrooge first wants it to get the "Scrooge McDuck Seal of Approval". In order to do so, Scrooge tests the system by using increasingly more extreme ways to break into his own vault.
Scrooge, along with Daisy and Aunt Gertie, visits Donald and the nephews for Christmas Day. After dinner, he sings carols while playing his beloved piano. Like the other adults, Scrooge is oblivious to the repeating Christmas Day. When the boys try to "liven things up", the piano is destroyed. The next repeat day, the boys make it the best Christmas ever, even singing the carols with Scrooge.
This Christmas holiday, Scrooge is the host at his mansion and invites Donald, Daisy and the nephews over for the season. On Christmas Eve, the boys swipe Scrooge's tasty cookies and are sent to their room by Donald, who is ready to give them harsh discipline, but Scrooge volunteers to talk to them. In their room, he tells them the tale of Santa Claus and that if you act naughty, you won't get presents. Scrooge also tells them about his own past, and reveals that he never got what he always wanted: getting a place on Santa's list.
The boys decide to travel to the North Pole to write their names on the list themselves after realizing how naughty they had been that year. When they finally get to the list, however, they put Scrooge's name on it instead of theirs. The next morning, Scrooge finally gets what he always wanted--a pair of bagpipes. Santa also left the boys gifts for thinking of Scrooge instead of themselves. One of the gifts is opened by the nephews right away - ear plugs for Scrooge's poor bagpipe-playing. At the end of the story, Scrooge can be seen wearing his native Scottish costume while playing his bagpipes, while Donald and the nephews try to cover their ears.
Later on, when Pluto goes missing, Scrooge purchases a snow plow company to help find him. After Mickey and Pluto are reunited, Scrooge joins Mickey, Minnie, Pluto and the others as they sing carols at Mickey's house.
Scrooge was featured in three cartoons in the TV series Mickey Mouse Works.
In "Around the World in Eighty Days," he takes on the role of the main antagonist and challenges Mickey, who just won a fortune, to travel around the globe in only 80 days and if he fails, the fortune goes to Scrooge. Scrooge cheats to win by stealing the coal from Mickey's ship. Mickey succeeds and Scrooge is foiled.
In "A Midsummer Night's Dream," he plays the role of Donald's uncle and goes to the duke, played by Ludwig Von Drake, after the woman Donald is betrothed to, Minnie, refuses to marry him. In the end, he watches Donald marry Daisy while Minnie marries Mickey.
Scrooge also briefly appears in "Mickey's Christmas Chaos," where he and the nephews were carolers as part of Mickey's over-the-top decorations.
Scrooge appeared in a few House of Mouse episodes.
His most notable appearance is in "House of Scrooge", where he buys the club from Pete. At first, Mickey was overjoyed with Pete's departure, but became distressed when Scrooge's new "innovations" began to kick in. Scrooge changed the entire show and even replaced Huey, Dewey and Louie with a radio. In the end, when he sees that his budget cuts have driven the audience away, Scrooge claims that he cannot stand show business anymore and takes his money back from Pete, making Pete the club's landlord again.
Scrooge appeared in the episode "Goofy's First Love", where Mickey, Donald and Goofy visit him in his large mansion in hopes of him making Goofy fabulously wealthy. However, he immediately denies them, thus letting his butler kick the trio out. He later reappears a few times throughout the episode, being pestered by the trio twice. Near the end of the episode, he can be seen attending Goofy's "wedding".
He also appears in the episode "No", where he asks Mickey if he can borrow five dollars. Later on, however, he returns the money he borrowed out of appreciation for Mickey's kindness. At the end of the episode, Scrooge and the other characters ask to watch TV alongside Mickey, only to be politely turned away.
Scrooge made an extremely short cameo appearance in the animated opening sequence of the 1950s television series Mickey Mouse Club. He is briefly seen popping out of the hat of The Big Bad Wolf. This is also quite notably his first appearance in animation, preceding Scrooge McDuck and Money.
The opening to the programming block The Disney Afternoon featured multiple characters from the incorporated cartoon series being brought to life from a piece of paper and coloured by paintbrushes. These characters included several members of the recurring DuckTales cast, including Huey, Dewey and Louie, Webby, Mrs. Beakley and Scrooge himself. In the beginning, one of the paintbrushes accidentally colours Scrooge's hat a yellow dotted pink, which is fixed when Scrooge points it out.
In the Aladdin episode "The Day the Bird Stood Still", when the sorceress asks Aladdin for a bigger price, Genie briefly transforms into Scrooge and, imitating Scrooge's iconic voice, says: "Ah, a woman after me own heart!"
Video gamesSea-salt ice cream business. The flavor had been popular when he was young, and he is trying to get the ice cream to become popular again.
In Kingdom Hearts Birth by Sleep, Scrooge rewards Ventus for saving him from Unversed by giving him three life-time passes to Disney Town, telling him to give two to "grown-ups". He also speaks with Aqua briefly and sells Lea and Isa sea-salt ice cream.
In Kingdom Hearts II, Scrooge lives in Hollow Bastion with his three great-nephews, Huey, Dewey and Louie. He is still selling sea-salt ice cream and finally has success towards the end of the game. He also offers a skateboard mini-game. The end credits show him reunite with Mickey, Donald, Goofy, Minnie, Daisy, Pluto, his nephews and Chip and Dale.
He made his appearance in Toontown Online when visiting his employee Gyro Gearloose. Inside Gyro's lab, Scrooge finds an inactive "Cog" with a sign saying "Do Not Touch!". As cheap as he can be, he still activated the "Cog" thinking it would be a big "help" to Toontown and to earn money. However, this started an endless-production of Cogs, from The Big Cheese to Pencil Pushers and Robber Barons. Scrooge regrets activating the "Cog". The "Cog" produced many Cogs, which made the machine malfunction and caused the production to speed up. Nervous Scrooge watched in horror, while the Cogs fly away from the "Cog's" orders. The "Cog" comes up to Scrooge, and the screen fades away. Scrooge's current location is unknown.
Scrooge makes a cameo appearance in Disney INFINITY. In the 3DS version; when he appears on the board, he will say this board needs to be more classy. So, he hides on a space and moves each turn until a player or the CPU lands on it and it gets a lot of coins.
He is also available as an unlockable townsperson costume. In 3.0, he is a sidekick character who can assist in battle in the Toy Box.
Other video games
Outside of the above mentioned games, Scrooge's other video game appearances include starring as the playable character in the four DuckTales video games (DuckTales, DuckTales 2, DuckTales: The Quest for Gold and DuckTales Remastered). He is also a secret playable character in the 2008 quiz game Disney TH!NK Fast.
Scrooge is also featured in some of the Disney Sports titles, as well as serving as a theme park tycoon in Disney Party.
Scrooge also appeared in Epic Mickey: Power of Illusion. He is captured by the witch Mizrabel in an attempt to drain him of his paint until Mickey rescues him. Afterwards, he serves as the game's shopkeeper to give Mickey items and power-ups. In addition, Mickey can also summon Scrooge for assistance, and he will attack enemies, using his cane as a pogo stick like in the DuckTales NES games. He also asks that Mickey call him Uncle Scrooge, considering him an honorary nephew as Donald's best friend.
In the closing titles of the remastered Castle of Illusion, Scrooge can be seen amongst the crowd of Disney characters in the form of a silhouette.
Scrooge is a semi-common character in the Disney Parks. His appearances in the US parks were especially common during the original run of DuckTales and The Disney Afternoon. He is now mostly seen at Tokyo Disneyland and Disneyland Paris, but he does show up at Walt Disney World during the Christmas season, even taking part in the Magic Kingdom's annual Christmas parade up until 2014.
He also appeared in the Disney's Magical Express bus videos.
In the Christmas show at Tokyo Disneyland, Scrooge appears as a miser who only cares about money while Mickey and Friends try to give him the spirit of Christmas.
Scrooge appears on his own float in the Magic Kingdom's annual holiday procession.
Scrooge joins Mickey and many other Disney characters as they celebrate Christmas in a Magic Kingdom party.
Scrooge appeared in this show as a member of its orchestra, playing a ukulele.
Scrooge appears on various items in this store and is said to be the store's founder and owner.
- He is named after the character Ebenezer Scrooge from the novel A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens.
- Scrooge is one of the only Disney comic characters to have ever been given a confirmed age; in the 1955 one-pager Watt an Occasion, written and drawn by Scrooge's creator Carl Barks, Scrooge celebrates his 75th birthday.
- As mentioned in Scrooge's character profile poster in issue 39-2003 of the popular German Disney magazine Micky Maus Magazin, Scrooge's constellation is the Capricornus, meaning he must have been born between December 21st and January 19th.
- According to the Carl Barks one-pager The Cheapest Weigh (1953), Scrooge weighs 20 pounds. In Barks' 1963 adventure comic For Old Dime's Sake, Magica De Spell measures that Scrooge is about 3 feet tall.
- Late in 1954, Carl Barks was asked by the Disney Studios if he would be free to write a script for a Scrooge McDuck 7-minute animated cartoon. Scrooge was a huge success in the comic books at the time, and Disney now wanted to introduce the miserly duck to theater audiences as well. Barks supplied the studios with a detailed 9-page script, which was accompanied by a synopsis telling the story of the happy-go-lucky Donald Duck working for the troubled Scrooge who tries to save his money from a hungry rat. Barks also sent some sketches of his ideas for the short, including a money-sorting machine, which Barks had already used on the cover of one of the Uncle Scrooge issues. The script was never used as Disney soon after decided to concentrate on TV shows instead.
- In 2002, Forbes magazine named Scrooge McDuck history's fourth richest fictional character at $8.2 billion but moved him down to sixth place in 2005. In 2006, Scrooge was moved back up to third place, with a worth of $10.9 billion, trailing only Oliver "Daddy" Warbucks and Charles Montgomery Burns. In 2007, the self-made Scottish businessman finally got on the top of the Forbes Fictional 15 with a net worth of $28.8 billion. In 2009 he landed in second place and eventually made it back to first place in 2011. In 2012, he didn't appear on the list although Flintheart Glomgold made the list at #2 that year. Scrooge made his way back to #1 in 2013.
- In 2007, Glasgow City Council added Scrooge to its list of "Famous Glaswegians", alongside the likes of Billy Connolly, Sir Alex Ferguson and Charles Rennie Mackintosh.
- In 2008, The Weekly Standard parodied the bailout of the financial markets by publishing a memo where Scrooge applies to the TARP program.
- Scrooge McDuck was the very first image to be displayed on the first Macintosh computer.
- In the Italian comic Paperino e l'uomo del West (first printed in 1955), Scrooge was given a twin brother living in the West, called Papirone "Mani buche" De' Paperoni (his nickname "Mani buche" meaning "spendthrift"). In contrast to Scrooge, he was shown to be a very generous person. The story reveals that Scrooge's twin left Duckburg twenty years ago, and met his nephew Donald only once, when Donald was only a few months old. Papirone was never used again after his first comic appearance.
- Carl Barks was one of the scriptwriters of the short The Spirit of '43, in which a Scottish duck appears with a design similar to Scrooge's.
- In Disney on Ice, Scrooge appeared in two shows: 10th Anniversary and Beauty and the Beast. In the introduction to Beauty and the Beast, he appeared playing his bagpipes as part of the orchestra, but retired around 2004.
- Scrooge was featured as a question in the popular app-based quiz game Icomania, where was represented by his iconic top hat and spectacles. In the similar app Icon Pop Quiz, he was represented by his Money Bin.
- In the Netherlands, Dagobertducktaks ("Scrooge McDuck tax", a special tax levied on the wealth of super rich people) was officially declared Word of the Year in 2014.
- Carl Barks explained to some fan letters asking about Scrooge's Adamic age that in the story That's No Fable!, where Scrooge drank water from the Fountain of Youth for several days, rather than making him young again (bodily contact with the water was required for that), ingesting the water rejuvenated his body and cured him of his rheumatia, which arguably allowed Scrooge to live far beyond his expected years with no sign of slowdown or senility.
- ↑ http://voicechasers.com/database/showprod.php?prodid=3929
- ↑ http://www.mousevinyl.com/content/dickens-christmas-carol-disneyland-records
- ↑ http://coa.inducks.org/character.php?c=Jake+McDuck
- ↑ http://coa.inducks.org/story.php?c=W+OS++282-02
- ↑ http://coa.inducks.org/character.php?c=Clementine+and+her+kittens
- ↑ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G7FWRkqVMC8
- ↑ http://www.cbarks.dk/themiser.htm
- ↑ http://www.cbarks.dk/theshelvedcartoonapproach.htm
- ↑ http://www.cbarks.dk/theshelvedcartoonsynopsis.htm
- ↑ http://www.cbarks.dk/theshelvedcartoonsketches.htm
- ↑ http://www.folklore.org/StoryView.py?project=Macintosh&story=Scrooge_McDuck.txt
- ↑ http://coa.inducks.org/story.php?c=I+AO+55034-A
- ↑ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0055119/
- ↑ http://nos.nl/artikel/2009202-dagobertducktaks-is-het-woord-van-het-jaar.html
- ↑ http://www.dutchnews.nl/news/archives/2014/12/dagobertducktaks-a-special-tax-for-the-rich-is-van-dales-word-of-the-year/
- Scrooge McDuck on Comic Vine
- Scrooge McDuck on Wikipedia
- Scrooge McDuck at the INDUCKS
- How to Draw Scrooge McDuck | Walt Disney World
- References to Scrooge's past from Carl Barks stories
- Timeline of Scrooge McDuck's character history and development
- An index of historical figures appearing in Scrooge McDuck stories
- Disney's HooZoo - Scrooge McDuck
- The Loves of Scrooge McDuck, as they have appeared in comics by various artists
- Scrooge McDuck at Don Markstein's Toonopedia
- Scale model of Scrooge McDuck's Money Bin
- Virtual tour in Scrooge's Money Bin
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