Music Land is a Silly Symphony that debuted on October 5, 1935. Along with Symphony Hour, the short was released on the Walt Disney Mini Classics and Disney Favorite Stories VHS releases of Peter and the Wolf.
The short begins by showing a map of Music Land, before zooming in to show the Land of Symphony. The Land of Symphony is a classical-themed kingdom, where the princess (an anthropomorphized violin) grows bored with the slow ballroom dancing and sneaks out.
Across the Sea of Discord, the Isle of Jazz is a jazz-themed kingdom alive with hot jazz music and dancing, but the prince (an alto saxophone) takes little interest in it. Sneaking out, he spots the princess across the sea with the aid of a clarinet-telescope, and instantly falls in love with her. He quickly travels across the sea on a xylophone boat to meet her.
Their flirting is interrupted, however, when the princess' mother (a cello) of the Land of Symphony sends her guards to lock the prince in a metronome prison tower. To escape this predicament, he writes a note for help (the melody of The Prisoner's Song) and passes it to a bird, which brings it to his father (a baritone saxophone), who raises the battle cry (a jazz version of the military tune Assembly (bugle call)).
The Isle of Jazz deploys its multi-piece band as artillery, bombarding the Land of Symphony with explosive musical notes to a jazz/swing number. The Land of Symphony returns fire via organ pipes that rotate into cannons, launching musical interceptors to the refrains of Wagner's The Ride of the Valkyries like the 4th of July Fireworks.
The princess intervenes to stop the war by waving the flag of surrender, but falls into the sea when a symphony note hits her boat. The prince struggles to escape his cell, but an explosive note helps him by landing next to it and blowing it up, and he rushes to save her, but ends up struggling as well. Both parents see what is happening, and quickly cease fire to rescue their children. When they finally save their children, separate them from each other, and start to glare at each other, the king starts taking a liking to the queen, and decide to make peace via handshake. The story ends on a happy note with a double wedding, between the prince and princess, and the king and queen, presided over by a double bass minister, as the citizens of both lands dance on the newly built Bridge of Harmony and a rainbow with musical notes all over appears over it in the sky.
Come to the Land of Symphony, or maybe you’d like to sail over to the Isle of Jazz, in this week’s breakdown!
The story outline for Music Land, populated by humanized musical instruments separated by two opposing islands of classical and jazz music, circulated around the studio around December 19, 1934. Story artist Bill Cottrell noted Pinto Colvig as part of the story team in a production memo. Animator Grim Natwick recalled Ted Sears’ involvement during story development, as well; Sears suggested how the hero, a boy saxophone from the Isle of Jazz, escapes his imprisonment in the Land of Symphony after several ideas were rejected, which ended up in the film. Surviving story sketches reveal Earl Hurd—the patented inventor of the cel process in animation and creator of his own animated series, with child character Bobby Bumps, during the teens—contributed to the story.
As with many Disney cartoons during this period, the animators are cast by sequence—Dick Lundy animates the flirtation between the Prince of Jazz, the boy saxophone, and the Princess of Symphony, a girl violin; Lundy’s animation in his work on the film, particularly on the princess coming down the steps to meet him, to the accompaniment of F.J. Gossec’s “Gavotte,” prefigures his musical timing as a director for Walter Lantz a decade later. Frenchy de Tremaudan handles the following sequences of the queen interfering, as the boy is marched away to confinement inside of a large metronome. Dick Huemer animates the scenes of the boy and girl during the warfare between the two islands, and the settlement, which ends their hostility.
Les Clark animates the boy inside the prison, writing a note—in actually, “The Prisoner’s Song” on sheet music—and having a bird deliver the message to his father, the King of Jazz, a caricature of popular bandleader Paul Whiteman, often touted as “The King of Jazz.” (That title lent itself into a 1930 musical revue by Universal, recently restored and screened to modern audiences.) These scenes aren’t credited on the “semi-final” draft, but are confirmed by the exposure sheets for the film. Clark also animates the double wedding, between the prince and princess, and the king and queen.
music-land-king-modelOne animator, Gerry Geronimi, primarily handles scenes with one character; Geronimi animates many of the scenes of the King in his palace, including a risqué moment, showing his amusement with a female ukulele dressed in a hula skirt. Others struggled with the material—in later years discussing the film with John Culhane, Grim Natwick thought musical instruments were not pliable enough for animation, dismissing the characters as cold and benign. Natwick animates the string instruments dancing to Beethoven’s “Minuet in G” in the opening, which he found difficult.
Music Land uses a large abundance of special effects—water, smoke, and explosions, especially during the battle sequences. Cy Young and Ugo D’Orsi, two of the studio’s chief effects animators, are credited for their effects work in the draft. However, other documents–such as exposure sheets, sweatbox notes and department ratings, which scrutinized animator’s footage and quality of their work—reveal other effects animators on the film. Some of these artists include George Rowley, Dan MacManus, Ed Aardal, George Drake and Jim Tyer, who left Van Beuren to improve his animation at Disney’s. Frank Thomas, later a top animator, was relatively new during the production of this film. He recalled animating the musical notes, falling like confetti, during the wedding scenes, to which he said: “I could’ve been an effects animator!”
music-land-BGLeigh Harline, the musical composer of this film, worked closely with director Wilfred Jackson on his cartoons. Jackson felt Harline’s music was more “symphonic” than the scores studio musician Frank Churchill provided, appropriate in context of the film’s story. During the barrage fired between the two islands, the King’s vibrant brass/woodwind battleship attacks with a Harline original, while the Queen responds to an organ bombardment, blaring Wagner’s “Ride of the Valkyries.” As the princess waves a white flag and rows to the opposing island to disrupt the battle, the score combines the two compositions together, accompanied in a threatening hostility. At the end of the film, a Bridge of Harmony is shown spanning across the two islands, uniting them both; as the instruments celebrate, the score displays a certain community transforming, with symphony and jazz merging together as one.
J.B. Kaufman and Russell Merritt’s updated and revised edition of Walt Disney’s Silly Symphonies: A Companion to the Classic Cartoon Series will be available in a few weeks. Pre-order your copy now! I have another Silly Symphony post for next week. After that one, there will be a breakdown that some of you will least expect—even I was surprised material from this particular series existed. Just wait and see.
Home video releases
- Walt Disney Cartoon Classics: Limited Gold Editions - The Disney Dream Factory: 1933-38
- Walt Disney Mini Classics: Peter and the Wolf
- Disney Favorite Stories: Peter and the Wolf
- Walt Disney Treasures: Silly Symphonies
- Walt Disney's Classic Cartoon Favorites: Extreme Music Fun
- Make Mine Music (Walt Disney Gold Classic Collection)
- Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs: Diamond Edition
- Music Land appears as one of the projector transition levels in Epic Mickey 2: The Power of Two.