A long time ago, a single drop of sunlight fell from the heavens, and from this single drop of sun grew the golden flower. It had the ability to heal any sickness or injuries, even mortal wounds, as demonstrated by Rapunzel, delay aging, as demonstrated by Gothel, though that ability requires constant use of the power.
One day, Mother Gothel discovered the flower, and chose to hoard its healing power for herself. She used it to keep herself young for hundreds of years, and all she had to do was sing a special song. It appears that when the song is sung, the flower releases pollen which is breathed in. Even though Mother Gothel had hidden the flower, other people knew of its existence, suggesting that this flower was not the first of its kind.
The golden flower has been considered as the most powerful object in "the Seven Kingdoms" according to Corona's history. In the years after the flower was picked, the spot where the flower grows became a sacred and forbidden site, with a small pedestal in its place and large, indestructible thorn-like rocks surrounding it. Like the flower before them, these rocks have magical properties, as demonstrated when Rapunzel touches one of them and resulted in her previously long, magical golden locks to regrow, and in this case inheriting the rocks' indestructibility. According to an old scroll, the rocks appeared to be formed from drops of moonlight, similar to the drop of sunlight that created the flower. More importantly, the rocks and the flower are connected together, but for what purpose remains unknown for now.
Centuries after the flower bloomed, a kingdom across a lake from where the flower grew came into being. The kingdom was ruled by a benevolent King and Queen. The queen was about to have a baby, but fell seriously ill. Knowing that she and her unborn child would surely die if a cure was not found soon, the entire kingdom went searching for the flower.
When Gothel left the flower in plain sight by accident, one of the kingdom's soldiers found the flower, and it was uprooted and brought back to the castle, where it was made into an infusion for the queen. Soon afterwards the queen recovered, and gave birth to a healthy baby girl: Princess Rapunzel. She was born with the rest of the flower's ability, which was the majority of it. A bit obviously went into the queen. Rapunzel gave a drop to Eugene to heal his stab wound that he received from Gothel, but still has most of the flower within. Perhaps as a thanks to the flower for saving the queen and Rapunzel, at the cost of its own existence, Corona adopted the sun as its symbol.
In "The Alchemist Returns", it is revealed that the flower still existed but was faded, and it had been kept locked away in Corona Castle's heavily-guarded vault, by orders of King Frederic. Varian, an alchemist looking to use the flower's legendary properties for his own agenda, manipulated Rapunzel into breaking into the flower's chamber. After stealing it, he used one of the flower's petals for an experiment, and discovered that its magic had long dissipated. In anger, he crushed what remained of the flower into powder.
In "Secret of the Sun Drop", after Varian abducts Queen Arianna, Frederic confesses to Rapunzel that on the night of her birth, he was warned by Quirin that removing the flower from its resting place would reap unimaginable consequences and awake a darkness, resulting in the growth of the Black Rocks.
The Sun Drop Flower is featured as part of the Wicked Nine, a collection of objects which have the potential to unleash unspeakable power if brought together.
- In Moana, the flower briefly appears near the epilogue, when the camera zooms into Tui and Sina inspecting the island's recovering flora.
- In the original fairy tale, Rapunzel's mother did not ingest a golden flower, but a rampion plant (Campanula rapunculus), a species of bellflower and a root vegetable similar to parsnip. The rampion had no mystical properties nor ties to Rapunzel's birth, but Rapunzel was named after it.
- The shape of the golden flower seems to be based on the flower of rampion.