José "Zé" Carioca is a Brazilian parrot from Rio de Janeiro who is a friend of Donald Duck. He first appeared alongside Donald in the Disney 1943 hybrid film Saludos Amigos (during the segment Aquarela do Brasil).
He was originally voiced by José Oliveira.
José was created during World War II events via the "Good Neighbor Policy" to enforce Brazil's cooperation. He represents every aspect of the typical Brazilian. He is smart, friendly and always in a good mood. His clothes represent the Brazilian "Malandros" ("Ladies Men" in Portuguese) and his happiness resembles that of Rio de Janeiro.
From the end of the Second World War until 1949, American films were not allowed to be exported to Occupied Europe, which included Disney cartoons. To find a new market to make up for this, Walt Disney focused on the South American market and used José Carioca to help promote this.
José is suave, cool and good under pressure. He is portrayed as a ladies man and very fun. He enjoys parties, women and his best friends Donald and Panchito.
José is a green tropical parrot based on one spotted by Walt Disney during his Brazilian trip.
In the film Saludos Amigos, José appears in the final segment, Aquarela do Brasil (translated as Watercolors of Brazil). José is created by a living paint brush. Donald Duck sees the painting and meets José. José introduces himself and seems to be a big fan of Donald Duck and his cartoons. José gives Donald a tour of Brazil and offers cachaça at a restaurant. He also teaches Donald how to dance the Samba, a dance native to Brazil. Later, Donald hiccups and gives a great beat for José to start a song. José and Donald party at the club as the segment ends.
José reappears in this sequel film to Saludos Amigos. In the second segment of the film, José presents Donald with a book about Bahia, one of Brazil's states, as a birthday present. José shrinks Donald and himself and the two enter the book. Jose and Donald met up with locals and dance the samba with them. After leaving the book, Donald realizes that he is too small to open his third present. Jose uses "black magic" to transform them both to normal size.
Donald opens his third present, and he and José met Panchito Pistoles, a rooster from Mexico. The three take the name of The Three Caballeros. Panchito takes both José and Donald on a tour of Mexico, telling them the tradition regarding the piñata. José then watches as Donald attempts to break open the piñata. At the end, José lights up some fireworks with his cigar.
In Melody Time, José appears in the sixth segment, Blame it on the Samba. José is seen with Donald, as the two are moping in a cafe. The Aracuan Bird sees them both, and introduces them to the Samba, which manages to cheer up both José and Donald.
José has his own comic book strips in Brazil and South America, similarly to how Panchito has his comic book stories in México and Spanish countries. In some of the comics, he's also a hustler (confidence artist) and a poor parrot. Some of his morals seem to be questioned (gleefully ready to kill a pigeon, to cook and eat, without a second thought); however, he still seems to care about his friends. He is also acts like a referee.
José makes a notable appearance in the animated series Mickey Mouse Works in the short "Mickey Tries to Cook". Minnie tires of the mundane ham, cheese and tomato sandwiches that Mickey continuously makes on their dates. Later, Mickey mistakenly believes that José and Minnie have begun dating after seeing the two together in a super market. Mickey tries to become more sophisticated with his cooking, but his efforts backfire. Minnie then sets things straight; she had asked José to set up a dinner date for her and Mickey that featured Brazilian food. Ironically, the food turns out to be ham, cheese and tomato sandwiches, though José calls the food by its Brazilian translation.
José made several appearances in House of Mouse, mostly in crowd scenes with Panchito.
In the episode "The Three Caballeros", he is asked to perform at the club as part of the Three Caballeros. However, problems arise when Donald realizes that no one remembers that he is part of the group. To this end, Donald takes various measures meant to ensure that he isn't forgotten. Finally, Mickey calls José and Panchito to solve the problem. The duo solve the problem by humiliating Donald and making him popular on stage.
Two José look-alikes can be seen on the jury in Alice in Wonderland, but both seem older and dress differently than how José usually dresses as well as both of them missing José's bright red and blue tail feathers.
José makes a brief, non-speaking cameo alongside Donald in the It's a Small World: The Animated Series episode "Up and Down".
José appears in the Epcot boat ride along with Donald and Panchito. In the ride, The Three Caballeros plan to perform a concert in Mexico City, but Donald goes missing, prompting José and Panchito to go on a search for their missing friend.
José appears in the newest parade at Disneyland. José and Panchito join Donald as they dance along the parade with female dancers. He carries a long stick for breaking pinatas.
- Jose is one of the few characters in the Disney universe to have been a fan of Donald Duck and showed fondness of him in first meeting him.
- Jose's eyes are red, but the eye color varies in Disney franchise. In comics and occasionally merchandise, his eyes are brown/green. In other comics, his eyes are blue (especially in "Ze Carioca" comics) and even orange.
- Considering his song "Baia" is about his heartbreak, this may explains why he just flirts around with the girls and isn't very faithful to his on again-off again girlfriend, Rosita (in the comics).
- If one is to consider the comics as canon, there is a possible explanation to as why he is a fan of Donald, since he's as mischievous and have some flaws as Donald.
- Jose is Joesph in English.
Other characters: Figaro | Mortimer Mouse | Clara Cluck | José Carioca | Panchito Pistoles | Humphrey the Bear | J. Audubon Woodlore | The Phantom Blot | Morty and Ferdie Fieldmouse | Chief O'Hara | Millie and Melody Mouse | Butch the Bulldog | Yen Sid | Magic Brooms | Willie the Giant | Beagle Boys | Oswald the Lucky Rabbit | Ortensia | Amelia Fieldmouse | Gus Goose | Salty | Launchpad McQuack | Webby Vanderquack | Cuckoo Loca | Roxanne | P.J. | Bobby Zimmeruski | Stacey | Grandma Duck | Gladstone Gander | April, May and June
Characters: Joe | Jenny | Johnny Appleseed | Johnny's Angel | Old Settler | Little Toot | Big Toot | Police tugboats | Whitey | Donald Duck | José Carioca | Aracuan Bird | Pecos Bill | Slue-Foot Sue | Widowmaker | Rustlers |
Books and Comics: The Penguin That Hated the Cold | The Magnificent Seven (Minus 4) Caballeros | The Three Caballeros Ride Again | South of the Border with Disney: Walt Disney and the Good Neighbor Program, 1941-1948
Characters: Donald Duck | Goofy | José Carioca | Panchito Pistoles | Pedro | Mama Plane | Papa Plane | Aconcagua | Aracuan Bird | Burrito | Pablo and the Penguins | The Toy Bull | Flying Gauchito | Yaya
Segments: El Gaucho Goofy | Aquarela do Brasil | Pedro | Lake Titicaca | The Cold-Blooded Penguin | The Flying Gauchito | Baía | Los Posadas | Mexico: Pátzcuaro, Veracuz and Acapulco | Donald's Surreal Reverie