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The East India Trading Company, otherwise referred to as the East India Company or abbreviated as EITC, was a joint-stock company and megacorporation formed for pursuing and monopolizing trade with the East Indies and the Caribbean. The East India Company traded mainly in cotton, silk, indigo dye, salt, saltpeter, tea and opium. The Company was granted a Royal Charter by Queen Elizabeth I on December 31, 1600. Shares of the Company were owned by wealthy merchants and aristocrats. The government owned no shares and had only indirect control. The Company eventually came to rule large areas of India with its own private armies, exercising military power and assuming administrative functions.

History

Foundation

The English East India Trading Company was established by British explorers who discovered the exotic riches of the East Indies, particularly India, during their initial voyages to the region. With trading voyages sponsored by English merchants hoping to profit from gold, silver, ivory, silk and spices, the company grew in size and power. It began to expand into the Caribbean when the attention of the company's leaders turned to the area's rich plantations. This expansion was led by its Governor and Chairman, Lord Cutler Beckett. The company ultimately expanded so much that any threat posed to it was a threat to Great Britain itself.

Piracy was one of the biggest problems for the Company. In the late 1720s, several EITC ships were sent to join Admiral Lawrence Norrington's Royal Navy fleet and participate in his hunt for Edward Teague, Keeper of the Code and one of the most notorious pirates on the Seven Seas. Though Norrington managed to capture Teague for a brief time, his mission miserably failed.

The company was based in London, led by a single Governor and a Court of Directors. Through one of its employees, Cutler Beckett, it was known to have condoned the transport of slaves from Africa to the Caribbean. However, Jack Sparrow, captain of the Wicked Wench, refused to carry out this sinful task, and Beckett had his ship torched and Sparrow himself branded a pirate.

The Shadow Lord

In the early 1730s, Benedict Huntington, the Company's manager for Hong Kong, attempted to eradicate piracy in the East Indies, attacking the hideouts of Chinese pirates led by Mistress Ching and Sao Feng. When he failed, he used the havoc created on the Seven Seas by the Shadow Lord, to attack all Pirate Lords of the Brethren Court. In his quest, he followed Jack Sparrow, the Pirate Lord of the Caribbean, from the Pacific to the Atlantic. Though he had some success, in the end, Huntington's quest was a failure.

In 1740, the Company sent a fleet of ships to the Bahamas to participate in one of the many conflicts in that area.

Gallery

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Media
Films: The Curse of the Black PearlDead Man's ChestAt World's EndOn Stranger TidesDead Men Tell No Tales

Short film: Tales of the Code: Wedlocked
Books: Jack Sparrow prequel novelsPirates of the Caribbean: Legends of the Brethren CourtPirates of the Caribbean: The Price of FreedomPirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides: The Visual GuidePirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides (Ultimate Sticker Book)
Video games: Pirates of the CaribbeanThe Legend of Jack SparrowPirates of the Caribbean OnlineDisney UniverseKingdom Hearts IIPirates of the Caribbean Multiplayer MobileLEGO Pirates of the Caribbean: The Video GamePirates of the Caribbean: At World's End (video game)Pirates of the Caribbean: Armada of the DamnedPirates of the Caribbean (pinball)Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl (video game)Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest (video game)Pirates of the Caribbean: Master of the Seas (App)Disney INFINITY

Disney Parks
Treasure CovePiratelandPirate TakeoverA Pirate's Adventure: Treasures of the Seven SeasEl Teatro FandangoJungle River Cruise: Pirate Takeover!Pirate's Lair on Tom Sawyer IslandPirates of the CaribbeanPirates of the Caribbean: Battle for the Sunken TreasureShipwreck ShoreSiren's RevengeThe Legend of Captain Jack Sparrow

Entertainment: Captain Jack Sparrow's Pirate TutorialEye of the Storm: Captain Jack’s Stunt SpectacularFantasmic!
Restaurants: Barbossa's BountyBlue Bayou RestaurantPintel & Ragetti's Grub to GrabThe Snackin’ KrakenTortuga TavernTortuga Treats
Shops: Doubloon MarketJolly GypsyPirates LeaguePirate Treasure
Firework: Celebrate the MagicIgnite the Dream: A Nighttime Spectacular of Magic and LightWorld of Color
Halloween: Mickey's Boo-to-You Halloween ParadeThe Nightmare Experiment

Characters
Jack SparrowHector BarbossaJoshamee GibbsWill TurnerElizabeth SwannJames NorringtonDavy JonesPintel and RagettiCutler BeckettIan MercerTia DalmaKrakenWeatherby SwannBootstrap Bill TurnerSao FengCaptain TeagueJack the MonkeyCottonMartyLeechAngelicaBlackbeardPhilip SwiftSyrenaTamaraMarinaMermaidsKing FerdinandKing George IIGiselleScarlettAnamariaRedcoatsBlack BartyJolly RogerPrison DogAuctioneer • Mungard • SpaniardMurtogg and MullroyTheodore GrovesCaptain Salazar • Marquis D'avis • Montezuma
Organizations
The Crew of the Black PearlThe Crew of the Flying DutchmanEast India Trading CompanyBrethren CourtSpaniard's crewZombie Officers
Locations
Isla TesoroPort Royal, JamaicaFort CharlesTortugaIsla de MuertaPelegostoIsla CrucesSingaporeDavy Jones' LockerShipwreck CoveLondon, EnglandSpainWhitecap BayFountain of Youth
Ships/Boats
Wicked WenchBlack PearlFlying DutchmanQueen Anne's RevengeHMS InterceptorHMS DauntlessHMS EndeavorJolly MonBarnacleDying Gull
Objects
Jack Sparrow's hatJack Sparrow's swordJack Sparrow's compassTreasure of CortésElizabeth Swann's gold medallionRagetti's wooden eyeJar of DirtDavy Jones' pipe organKey to the Dead Man's ChestDead Man's ChestMao Kun MapPirata CodexJack Sparrow's piece of eightSword of TritonJack Sparrow Voodoo DollChalices of CartagenaDark MagicVoodoo
Music
"Yo Ho (A Pirate's Life for Me)" • Theme park soundtrackSoundtrack Treasures CollectionSwashbuckling Sea Songs1966 soundtrackHe's a PiratePirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl (soundtrack)Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest (soundtrack)Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End (soundtrack)Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides (soundtrack)Pirates RemixedHoist the ColoursMy Jolly Sailor Bold
See Also
Pirates of the Caribbean Trading Card GameLiar's Dice

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