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The East India Trading Company, otherwise referred to as the East India Company or abbreviated as EITC, was a joint-stock company and megacorporation formed for pursuing and monopolizing trade with the East Indies and the Caribbean. The East India Company traded mainly in cotton, silk, indigo dye, salt, saltpeter, tea and opium. The Company was granted a Royal Charter by Queen Elizabeth I on December 31, 1600. Shares of the Company were owned by wealthy merchants and aristocrats. The government owned no shares and had only indirect control. The Company eventually came to rule large areas of India with its own private armies, exercising military power and assuming administrative functions.

History

Foundation

The English East India Trading Company was established by British explorers who discovered the exotic riches of the East Indies, particularly India, during their initial voyages to the region. With trading voyages sponsored by English merchants hoping to profit from gold, silver, ivory, silk and spices, the company grew in size and power. It began to expand into the Caribbean when the attention of the company's leaders turned to the area's rich plantations. This expansion was led by its Governor and Chairman, Lord Cutler Beckett. The company ultimately expanded so much that any threat posed to it was a threat to Great Britain itself.

Piracy was one of the biggest problems for the Company. In the late 1720s, several EITC ships were sent to join Admiral Lawrence Norrington's Royal Navy fleet and participate in his hunt for Edward Teague, Keeper of the Code and one of the most notorious pirates on the Seven Seas. Though Norrington managed to capture Teague for a brief time, his mission miserably failed.

The company was based in London, led by a single Governor and a Court of Directors. Through one of its employees, Cutler Beckett, it was known to have condoned the transport of slaves from Africa to the Caribbean. However, Jack Sparrow, captain of the Wicked Wench, refused to carry out this sinful task, and Beckett had his ship torched and Sparrow himself branded a pirate.

The Shadow Lord

In the early 1730s, Benedict Huntington, the Company's manager for Hong Kong, attempted to eradicate piracy in the East Indies, attacking the hideouts of Chinese pirates led by Mistress Ching and Sao Feng. When he failed, he used the havoc created on the Seven Seas by the Shadow Lord, to attack all Pirate Lords of the Brethren Court. In his quest, he followed Jack Sparrow, the Pirate Lord of the Caribbean, from the Pacific to the Atlantic. Though he had some success, in the end, Huntington's quest was a failure.

In 1740, the Company sent a fleet of ships to the Bahamas to participate in one of the many conflicts in that area.

Gallery

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Media

Films: The Curse of the Black Pearl | Dead Man's Chest | At World's End | On Stranger Tides | Dead Men Tell No Tales
Short film: Tales of the Code: Wedlocked
Books: Jack Sparrow prequel novels | Pirates of the Caribbean: Legends of the Brethren Court | Pirates of the Caribbean: The Price of Freedom | Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides: The Visual Guide | Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides (Ultimate Sticker Book)
Video games: Pirates of the Caribbean | The Legend of Jack Sparrow | Pirates of the Caribbean Online | Kingdom Hearts II | Pirates of the Caribbean Multiplayer Mobile | LEGO Pirates of the Caribbean: The Video Game | Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End (video game) | Pirates of the Caribbean: Armada of the Damned | Pirates of the Caribbean (pinball) | Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl (video game) | Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest (video game) | Pirates of the Caribbean: Master of the Seas (App) | Disney INFINITY

Disney Parks

Treasure Cove | Pirateland | Pirate Takeover | A Pirate's Adventure: Treasures of the Seven Seas | El Teatro Fandango | Jungle River Cruise: Pirate Takeover! | Pirate's Lair on Tom Sawyer Island | Pirates of the Caribbean | Pirates of the Caribbean: Battle for the Sunken Treasure | Shipwreck Shore | Siren's Revenge | The Legend of Captain Jack Sparrow
Entertainment: Captain Jack Sparrow's Pirate Tutorial | Celebrate the Magic | Disney Illuminations | Eye of the Storm: Captain Jack’s Stunt Spectacular | Fantasmic! | Ignite the Dream: A Nighttime Spectacular of Magic and Light | World of Color
Restaurants: Barbossa's Bounty | Blue Bayou Restaurant | Pintel & Ragetti's Grub to Grab | The Snackin’ Kraken | Tortuga Tavern | Tortuga Treats
Shops: Doubloon Market | Jolly Gypsy | Pirates League | Pirate Treasure |
Halloween: Mickey's Boo-to-You Halloween Parade | The Nightmare Experiment

Characters

Jack Sparrow | Hector Barbossa | Joshamee Gibbs | Will Turner | Elizabeth Swann | James Norrington | Davy Jones | Pintel and Ragetti | Cutler Beckett | Ian Mercer | Tia Dalma | Kraken | Weatherby Swann | Bootstrap Bill Turner | Sao Feng | Captain Teague | Jack the Monkey | Cotton | Marty | Leech | Angelica | Blackbeard | Philip Swift | Syrena | Tamara | Marina | Mermaids | King Ferdinand | King George II | Giselle | Scarlett | Anamaria | Redcoats | Black Barty | Jolly Roger | Prison Dog | Auctioneer | Mungard | Spaniard | Murtogg and Mullroy | Theodore Groves | Captain Salazar | Marquis D'avis

Organizations

The Crew of the Black Pearl | The Crew of the Flying Dutchman | East India Trading Company | Brethren Court | Spaniard's crew | Zombie Officers

Locations

Isla Tesoro | Port Royal, Jamaica | Fort Charles | Tortuga | Isla de Muerta | Pelegosto | Isla Cruces | Singapore | Davy Jones' Locker | Shipwreck Cove | London, England | Spain | Whitecap Bay | Fountain of Youth

Ships/Boats

Wicked Wench | Black Pearl | Flying Dutchman | Queen Anne's Revenge | HMS Interceptor | HMS Dauntless | HMS Endeavor | Jolly Mon | Barnacle | Dying Gull

Objects

Jack Sparrow's hat | Jack Sparrow's sword | Jack Sparrow's compass | Treasure of Cortés | Elizabeth Swann's gold medallion | Ragetti's wooden eye | Jar of Dirt | Davy Jones' pipe organ | Key to the Dead Man's Chest | Dead Man's Chest | Mao Kun Map | Pirata Codex | Jack Sparrow's piece of eight | Sword of Triton | Jack Sparrow Voodoo Doll | Chalices of Cartagena | Dark Magic | Voodoo

Music
"Yo Ho (A Pirate's Life for Me)" | Theme park soundtrack | Soundtrack Treasures Collection | Swashbuckling Sea Songs | 1966 soundtrack | He's a Pirate | Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl (soundtrack) | Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest (soundtrack) | Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End (soundtrack) | Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides (soundtrack) | Pirates Remixed | Hoist the Colours | My Jolly Sailor Bold
Miscellaneous

Pirates of the Caribbean Trading Card Game | Liar's Dice

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