The Walt Disney Company has opened other animated studios besides the main studio, Walt Disney Animation Studios, that arose out of its original primary operations of animated shorts. Some originated from within the company as they expanded the range of distribution for its animated productions; others were by acquisition.
Disney does not own Studio Ghibli but does have an ownership interest in Ghibli animated movies and distributes them in some countries.
After the Disney animated features department, the next animated division was its TV animated unit, Disney Television Animation, formed in November 1984. Three overseas animation studios (Australia, Japan and Canada) were set up for the company's animated television series.
A sequel unit was formed in TV Animation, MovieToons, with its first feature production was DuckTales the Movie: Treasure of the Lost Lamp (1990), based upon the syndicated Disney TV show DuckTales, with animation from Disney Animation France. Disney added Direct-to-video (DTV) sequels, Disney Video Premieres, to the MovieToons unit with the DTV Aladdin sequel The Return of Jafar.
With Disney acquisition of Capital Cities/ABC in 1995, CC/ABC came with an animated unit, DiC Entertainment. On February 29, 1996, Disney purchased Jumbo Pictures, Inc. to add "Doug", its hit TV show.
In April 1996, Disney purchased Dream Quest Images to replace Buena Vista Visual Effects. In August 1996, Disney and Tokuma Shoten Publishing agreed that Disney would distribute international Tokuma's Studio Ghibli animated films. In October 1999, Dream Quest Images merged with Walt Disney Feature Animation computer-graphics operation to form The Secret Lab, which made only one film, Dinosaur (2000).
DiC management arranged for DiC to become independent from Disney on November 17, 2000. Disney purchased Fox Family Worldwide on October 24, 2001 for the Fox Family Channel and also received ownership of several units including some for animation but excluding the US Fox Kids Network. Fox Family, Saban Entertainment and Saban International N.V. were renamed ABC Family (in the US) or Jetix (elsewhere), Sensation Animation and BVS International N.V. respectively. Disney followed up the Fox Family purchase with the acquisition of The Baby Einstein Company on November 6.
In January 2003, Disney initiated a reorganization of its theatrical and animation units to improve resource usage and continued focus on new characters and franchise development. TV Animation was transferred to Disney Channel Worldwide. While Disney MovieToons/Disney Video Premieres unit was transferred from Television Animation to Feature Animation and renamed Disneytoon Studios in June. Additional, Feature Animation was transferred to The Walt Disney Studios. Summer 2003, also saw the closing of Disney Animation France. Additional, Disney signed a four animated film deal with Vanguard Animation. In September 2003, Disney Animation Japan was closed.
On January 12, 2004, Disney shut down Walt Disney Feature Animation Florida. Pixar and Disney had a seven feature agreement that allowed Disney to have the Pixar character rights. With the success of Toy Story 2 in 1999, then-Disney CEO Michael Eisner and Pixar CEO Steve Jobs began to disagree on how Pixar should be run and the terms of a continued relationship. Eisner claimed that Toy Story 2 would not count towards the "original" film count of the agreement. Jobs announced in January 2004 — after 10 months of bargaining — that Pixar would not renew their agreement with Disney and would seek out other distributors for releases starting in 2006. In 2004, Disney Circle 7 Animation was formed as a CG animation studio to create sequels to the Disney-owned Pixar properties. In Late January 2006, new Disney CEO Bob Iger and Jobs agreed to have Disney purchase Pixar which lead to Disney closing Circle 7.
Disney purchased in February 2007 ImageMovers. The renamed ImageMovers Digital began production under Disney on April 2, 2007. With Disney's 2009 purchase of Marvel Entertainment, Disney acquired Marvel Animation, which remain apart of Marvel Entertainment.ImageMovers Digital closed operations by January 2011, after the production was completed on Mars Needs Moms. Lucasfilm Animation was purchased as a unit of Lucasfilm in 2012.
|Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio||1923||Original name for The Walt Disney Company|
|Walt Disney Studios||1926||2nd name for The Walt Disney Company|
|Walt Disney Productions||1929||3rd & original incorporation name for Walt Disney Studios partnership|
|Disney Enterprises||corporate name for all pre-Capital Cities/ABC merger divisions of Disney|
|The Walt Disney Company||conglomerate parent company|
|Walt Disney Feature Animation||previous name for feature theatrical animation division|
|Walt Disney Feature Animation Florida||1989-2004|
|Walt Disney Animation Studios||current name for feature theatrical animation division|
|Walt Disney Pictures Television Animation Group||original name for the TV animation unit|
|Disney Television Animation||1984||TV animation unit|
|Disney MovieToons||1990||TV Animation sequel unit|
|Disney Video Premieres||1991||Direct-to-video unit attached to MovieToons|
|DIC Entertainment||1995-2000||CC/ABC animated unit at merger|
|Jumbo Pictures, Inc.||1996||makers of Doug, acquisition|
|The Secret Lab||1999 - 2001||VFX & animated unit|
|Jetix Animation Concepts||Jetix programming label|
|Sensation Animation||2002-2003||Company formed to dub Digimon episodes|
|SIP Animation||2002-2008||minor ownership.|
|The Baby Einstein Company||Acquired|
|Disneytoon Studios||2003-2018||renamed MovieToons/Video Premieres unit after transfer to Feature Animation|
|Disney Circle 7 Animation||2004-2006||Pixar film sequel unit|
|Disney Animation Australia||1988-2006|
|Disneytoon Studios Australia||Disney Animation Australia alternative name|
|Walt Disney Animation Canada||1996-2000|
|Walt Disney Animation France||1989-2003||Brizzi Films acquired|
|Walt Disney Animation Japan||1989-2004|
|ImageMovers Digital||2007-2011||Joint-venture with ImageMovers.|
Walt Disney Feature Animation Florida
Walt Disney Feature Animation Florida, a division of Walt Disney Feature Animation, opened in 1989 with 40 employees. Its offices were in the Disney-MGM Studios complex of theme parks and visitors were allowed to tour the studio to observe animators at work. On October 7, 1992, the Florida unit was incorporated. On April 22, 1998, Walt Disney Feature Animation Florida moved to a new $70 million facility at the Disney's Hollywood Studios. In January 2003, Disney initiated a reorganization of its theatrical and animation units to improve resource usage and continued focus on new characters and franchise development. Additional, Feature Animation was transferred to The Walt Disney Studios. On January 12, 2004, Disney shut down Walt Disney Feature Animation Florida. The Orlando studio was partially turned into a walk-through attraction. The rest of the studio was converted into theme park management offices.
- "I Just Can't Wait to Be King" for The Lion King
- Lilo & Stitch
- Brother Bear
- three Roger Rabbit short features:
- John Henry (2000) short
- Main article: Disneytoon Studios
Disneytoon Studios, formerly Disney Movietoons, is an American animation studio owned by The Walt Disney Company, responsible for producing direct-to-video and occasional theatrical films for Disney Animation Studios, a part of The Walt Disney Studios.
Disney Circle 7 Animation
Circle 7 Animation, or Disney Circle 7 Animation, was a short-lived division of Walt Disney Feature Animation specializing in computer generated imagery (CGI) animation and was originally going to work on making sequels to the Disney-owned Pixar properties, leading rivals and animators to derisively nickname the division "Pixaren't". The company released no movies during its tenure.
Overseas animation studios
Three overseas animation studios (Australia, Japan and Canada) were set up for the company's animated television series. But as Direct-to-video increased in importance, the overseas studios moved to making feature films.
Disney Animation Australia
Disney Animation Australia (DAA), also Disneytoon Studios Australia, was a Disney animation studio located in Sydney, Australia.
DAA was started in 1988 at the former Hanna-Barbera overseas studio in St. Leonards, Sydney. Initially, Animation Australia worked on various television shows including Winnie the Pooh, Darkwing Duck, Goof Troop, Aladdin, Timon and Pumbaa, and Duck Daze. As staffing increased, the studio moved to Castlereagh Street.
Disney began producing Direct-to-video sequels of its Feature Animation productions, the first of which was the Aladdin sequel The Return of Jafar. When Aladdin was selected as a possible candidate as an animated TV series (before the film's release), as with many animated series, the first three episodes were one multi-part story which Disney used as a potential ‘family movie special’ for the Friday night before the series’ premiere. With work handed out to the Australia animation studio, the opening story was instead greenlit for a direct-to-video release. Thus with "Jafar" and its success, the direct-to-video unit started. Then a second sequel, Aladdin and the King of Thieves, assign work to both the Australia and Japanese animation units.
Australia was assigned additional film sequels: The Lion King II: Simba's Pride, An Extremely Goofy Movie and Lady and the Tramp II: Scamp's Adventure. The company's first feature film was Return to Neverland in 2002 grossing over $100 million worldwide at the box office. In 2005, the studio produced three animated movies: Tarzan 2, Lilo and Stitch 2 and Bambi 2.
Disney Animation Australia was closed in mid-2006 after finishing Brother Bear II and Cinderella III.
- The Lion King II
- The Jungle Book II
- The Lady and the Tramp II
- Brother Bear II
- Aladdin II
- Peter Pan II
- Tarzan II
- Lilo and Stitch II
- Bambi II
- Cinderella III
Disney Animation Canada
Walt Disney Animation Canada, Inc. (WDAC) was a Canadian animation production company and subsidiary of Disney Television Animation.
Walt Disney Animation Canada was opened in January 1996 to tap Canada's animator pool and produce Direct-to-video. Industry Canada rules were dispensed by the Canadian Government with a multi-year commitment from Disney for the company.
WDAC produced in 1997 Beauty and the Beast: Enchanted Christmas then worked with Australia and Japan subcontractors on Pocahontas II: Journey to the New World. In fall 1999, Animation Canada stopped work on Peter and Jane, a Peter Pan sequel original designed as its first theatrical release but was changed to a video release. In Spring 2000, due to weak financial performance, Animation Canada was closed. With Canada's closure, Peter and Jane was to be restarted in Australia and Japan.
Disney Animation France
Walt Disney Animation France, original Brizzi Films, was an animation company based in France that operated from 1986 to 2003.
Brizzi Films was founded by Paul & Gaëtan Brizzi in 1986 France. Brizzi worked on Babar in 1986 for Nelvana. In 1989, Brizzi brothers sold the company to Disney Television Animation. The brothers continued on as general managers under the company's new name, Walt Disney Animation, France S.A. In 1994, the Brizzi brothers transferred to Walt Disney Feature Animation. In Summer 2003, Disney Animation France was closed.
Disney Animation Japan
The Japanese studio was set up for the company's animated television series in 1989. But as Direct-to-video increased in importance, the overseas studios moved to making feature films.
DAJ worked on The Tigger Movie (2000). In 2003, the company released the Piglet's Big Movie for Disneytoon Studios and 101 Dalmatians II: Patch's London Adventure. In September 2003, Disney announced the closure of the company with the in production Pooh's Heffalump Movie to be its final release when finished in 2004.
DAJ was closed in June 2004 with 30 employees expected to be transferred to one of the two Disney's remaining animation units. With the closure of the Japanese studio, its remaining work for Disneytoon Studios was split between its US and Australia animation units. Employees not transferred decided to launch a new company, The Answer Studio.
Jumbo Pictures was a New York based animation studio founded by Jim Jinkins and David Campbell in 1991 to produce the Doug series and sold to The Walt Disney Company in 1996.
- TV shows
- Main article: Pixar
Pixar Animation Studios, or simply Pixar (stylized PIXAR), is an American computer animation film studio based in Emeryville, California. The studio is best known for its CGI-animated feature films created with PhotoRealistic RenderMan, its own implementation of the industry-standard RenderMan image-rendering application programming interface used to generate high-quality images. Pixar began in 1979 as the Graphics Group, part of the computer division of Lucasfilm before its spin-out as a corporation in 1986 with funding by Apple Inc. co-founder Steve Jobs, who became its majority shareholder. The Walt Disney Company bought Pixar in 2006 at a valuation of $7.4 billion, a transaction which made Jobs Disney's largest shareholder.
Dream Quest Images
Dream Quest Images (DQI), later The Secret Lab, was an American special effects company that operated from 1980 to 2001.
Dream Quest was founded in a Santa Monica, California garage in 1979. The co-founders were Hoyt Yeatman, Scott Squires, Rocco Gioffre, Fred Iguchi, Tom Hollister and Bob Hollister. Initial they did piecemeal work on Escape from New York, E.T., and One From the Heart, The company then moved to Culver City. DQ Films, the company's television commercial production division, remained in Santa Monica. In 1987, DQI model-making operations moved into a Simi Valley industrial park with the most of the company following them to Simi Valley later. The Abyss and Total Recall special effects works each earned the company an Oscars Award.
The Secret Lab
In October 1999, Dream Quest Images merged with Walt Disney Feature Animation computer-graphics operation to form The Secret Lab. The Lab made only one computer animated film Dinosaur released in 2000. After Dinosaur, the Lab and Disney Feature Animation started working on "Wildlife" which was canceled in September 2000.
The Lab was being passed over for Disney work and a general decrease in special effects work led to the unit being closed. The Lab's last work was for the Spyglass Entertainment film Reign of Fire and the Castle Rock Entertainment/Warner Bros. comedy Kangaroo Jack.
Disney purchased Fox Family Worldwide on October 24, 2001 for the Fox Family Channel and also received ownership of several animation units including Saban Entertainment and Saban International N.V. The Saban library included the acquired Marvel Productions and Marvel Film Animation library. Saban also departed Saban International Paris in 2001 with the purchase of Fox Family Worldwide, which was followed by The Walt Disney Company taking a stake in the company and a name change to SIP Animation on October 1, 2002. Fox Family, Saban Entertainment and Saban International N.V. were renamed ABC Family (in the US) or Jetix (elsewhere), Sensation Animation and BVS International N.V. respectively. Jetix Animation Concepts, also Jetix Concepts Animation, was a brand used for animation co-produced by and for the Jetix global group by the American partner, ABC Disney Cable Group, from 2004 to 2009.
- Jetix Animation Concepts
- Saban Entertainment
- Sensation Animation - dubbing for Digimon
- SIP Animation
|This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The article or pieces of the original article was at Disney Animation Studios. The list of authors can be seen in the . As with Disney Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.|