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Circle-Vision 360°

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Cv360
Circle-Vision 360°
is a film technique, refined by The Walt Disney Company, that uses nine cameras for nine huge screens arranged in a circle. The cameras are usually mounted on top of an automobile for scenes through cities and highways, while films such as The Timekeeper use a static camera and many CGI effects. The first film was America the Beautiful (1955 version) in the Circarama theater, which would eventually become Circle-Vision theater in 1967.

It is used for a few attractions at Disney theme parks, such as Epcot's O Canada!, Reflections of China, and Disneyland's defunct America the Beautiful (1967 version), Wonders of China, and American Journeys, which were housed in the Circle-Vision theater in Tomorrowland.

By using an odd number of screens, and a small space between them, a projector may be placed in each gap, projecting across the space to a screen. The screens and projectors are arranged above head level, and hand bars may be provided for viewers to hold or to lean against while standing and viewing the film.

Earlier systems

An early development (1900) of this method using ten cameras was called Cinéorama.

Circlorama [1] had started in London in 1963 using eleven cameras.

Parks that use Circle-Vision technology

Disneyland

  • Grand opening: 1955
  • Closed: 1997
  • Designer: Walt Disney Imagineering
  • Location: Tomorrowland
  • Formal Names of Attraction
    • "Circarama"
    • "Circle-Vision 360"
    • "World Premiere Circle-Vision"
  • List of Films Shown
    • "A Tour of the West"
    • "America the Beautiful"
    • "Wonders of China"
    • "American Journeys"
  • Former Sponsors
    • American Motors (1950s)
    • Bell System (1960s)
    • AT&T/ Bell System (1970s)
    • Pacific Southwest Airlines (1980s)
    • Delta Air Lines (1990s)
  • Followed By:

Magic Kingdom

  • Grand opening: October 15, 1971 (America The Beautiful)
  • Closing Date: February 26, 2006 (The Timekeeper)
  • Designer: Walt Disney Imagineering
  • Location: Tomorrowland
  • Formal Names of Attraction
    • "Circle-Vision 360"
    • "Metropolis Science Center"
  • List of Films Shown
    • "America the Beautiful"
    • "Magic Carpet ‘Round the World"
    • "American Journeys"
    • "From Time to Time"
      • Also known as "The Timekeeper"
  • Former Sponsors
    • Monsanto
    • Black & Decker

Epcot

  • Grand opening: October 1, 1982
  • Designer: Walt Disney Imagineering
  • Location: World Showcase
    • China Pavilion
    • Canada Pavilion
  • List of Films Shown
    • "Wonders of China"
    • "O Canada!" (1982 version)
  • Current Films
    • "Reflections of China"
    • O Canada! (2007 - an updated version with 50% new footage, new soundtrack and narration)

Tokyo Disneyland

  • Grand opening: 1983
  • Closed: 2002
  • Designer: Walt Disney Imagineering
  • Location: Tomorrowland
  • Formal Names of Attraction
    • "Circle-Vision 360"
    • "Visionarium"
  • List of Films Shown
    • "Magic Carpet ‘Round the World"
    • "American Journeys"
    • "Visionarium" (From Time to Time)
  • Sponsors
    • Fujifilm
  • Followed By
    • Buzz Lightyear's Astro Blasters

Disneyland Paris

  • Grand opening: April 12, 1992
  • Closed: September, 2004
  • Designer: Walt Disney Imagineering
  • Location: Discoveryland
  • Formal Name of Attraction
    • "Le Visionarium"
  • List of Films Shown
    • "Le Visionarium"
  • Sponsors
    • Renault (1992-2002)

Other uses of Circle-Vision 360

Expo 67

  • Grand opening: April 28, 1967
  • Closed: October 29, 1967
  • Designer: Walt Disney Imagineering
  • Location: Telephone Pavilion, Expo 67, Montreal
  • Formal Name of Attraction
    • "Canada 67"
  • List of Films Shown
    • "Canada 67" - Directed by Robert Barclay. Description from the Expo'67 Guide book: "You're on centre stage for the RCMP Musical Ride... on centre ice for hockey... on the track at the Stampede! CIRCLE-VISION 360o surrounds you with all the fun and excitement of Canada's most thrilling events and its scenic beauty. And then, take your chldren to the Enchanted Forest...see exciting new communication services for the future... all in the Telephone Pavilion!" (source page 178 Official Expo 67 guide book. Maclean-Hunter Publishing Co. Ltd.)
  • Sponsors
    • The Telephone Association of Canada
  • Notes:

This is one of the rarest Circle-Vision movies, for it has been unseen since 1967. The film was the inspiration for "O Canada" now playing at Epcot.

Expo 86

  • Grand opening: May 2, 1986
  • Closed: October 13, 1986
  • Location: Telecom Canada Pavilion, Expo 86, Vancouver
  • Formal Name of Attraction
    • "Telecom Canada"
  • Film Shown
    • "Portraits of Canada/Images du Canada" -
  • Sponsors
    • Telecom Canada
  • Notes - Following Expo, the movie went on to play at the Canada pavilion at Epcot Center.

Other

A system substantially similar is in use at the site of the Terracotta Army exhibit at Xian, China. The narrator of Wonders of China is the famous Chinese actor Keye Luke (1904-1991), most remembered for his role as Master Po in the television program "Kung Fu".

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The article or pieces of the original article was at Circle-Vision 360°. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Disney Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.

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