The Archdeacon is a character and a minor protagonist in Disney's 1996 feature film, The Hunchback of Notre Dame, and is also one of the minor protagonists in Disney's 2002 feature film, The Hunchback of Notre Dame II, who serves as the clergyman at the Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris. Dave Burgess served as the supervising animator for the Archdeacon, and Kathleen M. Bailey served as the lead key.
The Archdeacon is almost the complete opposite of Claude Frollo; the one thing they have in common is that they worship God. The Archdeacon is kind to everyone, including gypsies, standing up for Esmeralda when she claims sanctuary in his church, and while he has little actual interaction with Quasimodo during the film, he saves his life as a baby by reminding Frollo that he has sinned and is about to do so again. He is also the only person shown to have any kind of authority over Frollo, and apart from Esmeralda and Phoebus, he is the only character brave enough to protest against Frollo's evil deeds. As such, the Archdeacon seems to represent the positive side of a spiritual lifestyle, while Frollo represents how it can corrupt.
The Hunchback of Notre Dame
On a snowy, winter night, the Archdeacon was apparently roused to answer someone desperately pounding on the door of Notre Dame. He is responsible for allowing Quasimodo to live in the film by condemning Frollo's murder of Quasimodo's mother, a gypsy who he was too late to help, and Frollo's attempt to kill Quasimodo under the eyes of Notre Dame and the statues of the saints, and convincing him to spare Quasimodo's life or be damned to hell for his actions. Later, he defends Esmeralda when she claims sanctuary in Notre Dame from Frollo. He and the other priests provide some of the dialogue in the song Hellfire.
During the time when Esmeralda was going to be burned at the stake, the Archdeacon steps forward to protest against Esmeralda's execution, but is halted by the guards.
His final appearance is when Frollo breaks into the cathedral to kill Esmeralda and Quasimodo, and Archdeacon demands that he call off the attack on Notre Dame and stay away from the two, to which Frollo responds by shoving the startled Archdeacon down a flight of stairs and injuring his ankle, and locking the Archdeacon out of the belltower so he can't interfere. He survives and is last seen cheering with the crowd who are celebrating Frollo's death and the defeat of his soldiers who surrendered to the French army when Phoebus and Esmeralda emerge safely from the church.
The Hunchback of Notre Dame II
In the second film, the Archdeacon looks nothing like the way he does in the first film, except for his clothes; in this film, he only appears once, which is just after Laverne, trapped under a bell with Victor and Hugo, gongs on it really loudly with her head. He is seen coming out the door and yelling, "La Fidele. It's gone. The bell has been stolen."
The Archdeacon was most likely created as a placeholder for Frollo, as Frollo functioned as the Archdeacon in the Victor Hugo novel. This was probably done by Disney's part as a means of damage control with the Roman Catholic Church, which played a large role in the film and the book, especially seeing that the Archdeacon functions as a good character in the film.
However, even though Frollo was depicted as the Minister of Justice in the film, he still seemed to hold more power over the Archdeacon himself while outside Notre Dame. This probably stems from his role in the book, but it remains unexplained how Frollo, as a mere Judge, could commit such terrible crimes without having to answer to the King of France.
- In the novel, Frollo was the archdeacon but the villain as well, so this character didn't exist, which means this character is an original character created solely for this film by Disney.
- Although the Archdeacon was the one who originally saved Quasimodo's life, the two are never seen together.
- Though the Archdeacon does not appear physically in Kingdom Hearts 3D: Dream Drop Distance, he was briefly mentioned by Quasimodo to Riku inside the cathedral.
- In the first film, the Archdeacon is fat, but in the second, he (he only appeared for a split second near the end when Sarousche and his minions are raiding the cathedral) is skinny! This implies that he changed significantly in the time between the first and second film, that he has a substitute for his place or that he died before the second film.